How To Plant Celery [ Full Guide ]

Celery is a versatile and popular vegetable that is not only flavorful but also packed with nutrients. Growing your own celery can be a rewarding experience, as it allows you to harvest fresh, organic produce right from your own garden. However, successfully planting celery requires careful attention to the planting process and the needs of the plant. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the steps to successfully plant and grow celery, from selecting the right variety to preparing the soil and starting from seeds.

Quick Answer: How To Plant Celery

To quickly summarize, here are the key steps to plant celery:

  1. Choose the right variety of celery: Decide on a variety that suits your climate and preferences.
  2. Prepare the soil: Ensure the soil is fertile, well-draining, and rich in organic matter.
  3. Starting celery from seeds: Either sow seeds directly into the ground or start them indoors before transplanting.
  4. Watering and care: Keep the soil consistently moist, provide adequate sunlight, and protect from pests and diseases.
  5. Harvesting: Harvest celery when the stalks are large and the flavor is at its peak.

Now, let’s delve into each of these steps in detail.

Benefits Of Growing Celery

Before we jump into the details of planting celery, let’s take a moment to understand why growing this vegetable can be beneficial.

Nutritional Value

Celery is low in calories and an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin K, vitamin C, potassium, and folate. It also contains dietary fiber, making it a healthy addition to your diet.

Freshness And Flavor

Homegrown celery has a superior flavor compared to store-bought produce. The crisp, fresh stalks can add a delightful crunch to salads, soups, and other dishes.


By planting celery in your garden, you can reduce your reliance on store-bought vegetables, potentially saving money in the long run. Furthermore, you have the assurance of knowing that your celery is grown without harmful pesticides or chemicals.

Gardening Experience

Growing celery allows you to connect with nature, engage in a rewarding hobby, and gain a sense of accomplishment as you watch your plants thrive and produce bountiful harvests.

Choosing The Right Variety Of Celery

Selecting the appropriate variety of celery is crucial for a successful harvest. Consider the following factors when choosing a variety:

  1. Climate: Some celery varieties are better suited for specific climates. For instance, some are more tolerant of heat, while others are better adapted to cooler temperatures.
  2. Size and Shape: Celery varieties can vary in stalk size, color, and shape. Choose a variety that aligns with your culinary needs and personal preferences.
  3. Growth Cycle: Certain varieties may have different maturation times, so consider how quickly you want to start harvesting your celery.

Some popular varieties of celery include:

  • Giant Pascal: Known for its large, crisp stalks, this variety is a favorite for home gardens.
  • Tango: A heat-tolerant variety that produces dark green, flavorful stalks.
  • Utah 52-70: This variety is well-suited for cooler climates and has a relatively short maturation period.

Consult with local nurseries or gardening experts to determine which varieties are best suited for your specific growing conditions.

Preparing The Soil For Planting

Celery thrives in fertile, moisture-retentive soil that is rich in organic matter. Here’s how to prepare the soil for planting:

Soil Ph And Composition

Celery grows best in slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. Conduct a soil test to determine the pH of your soil, and amend it as necessary to achieve the desired pH level.

Soil Enrichment

Incorporate plenty of organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil. This enhances the soil structure, provides essential nutrients, and improves moisture retention.

Soil Texture And Drainage

Ensure that the soil is well-draining to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot. Sandy loam or loamy soil types are generally suitable for celery cultivation.

Raised Beds

Consider planting celery in raised beds, especially if your soil has poor drainage. Raised beds offer better control over soil composition and moisture levels.

Starting Celery From Seeds

Celery can be started from seeds, either by sowing them directly into the garden or by beginning the seeds indoors for later transplanting. Follow these steps for successful seed starting:

Sowing Seeds Outdoors

  1. Timing: In cooler climates, sow celery seeds directly into the garden in early spring, once the risk of frost has passed. In warmer regions, consider planting in the fall for a winter harvest.
  2. Seed Depth: Plant the seeds about 1/8 to 1/4 inch deep in well-prepared soil.
  3. Spacing: Sow the seeds in rows, leaving approximately 12 to 18 inches of space between rows.
  4. Sunlight and Watering: Ensure the seeds receive adequate sunlight and keep the soil consistently moist during the germination period.

Indoor Seed Starting

  1. Timing: Start celery seeds indoors approximately 10 to 12 weeks before the last expected frost date in your area.
  2. Seed Trays: Use seed-starting trays or small containers filled with a pre-moistened seed-starting mix.
  3. Germination Temperature: Celery seeds require warm temperatures for germination, ideally around 70°F (21°C). Consider using a heat mat to maintain the appropriate temperature.
  4. Transplanting: Once the seedlings have developed a few true leaves, they can be transplanted into larger containers or directly into the garden.

Transplanting Seedlings

When transplanting seedlings outdoors, choose a cloudy day or late afternoon to minimize transplant shock. Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the seedling, gently place it in the hole, and ensure the soil is firmly packed around the base of the plant. Space the seedlings approximately 10 to 12 inches apart.

Care And Maintenance

Whether you’re growing celery from seeds or transplants, it requires consistent care to thrive. Here are the key elements of celery care:


Celery has shallow roots and requires consistently moist, but not waterlogged, soil. Provide approximately 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or supplemental irrigation. Mulching around the plants can help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.


Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer when planting and continue to fertilize every 4 to 6 weeks throughout the growing season. Consider using a fertilizer with a higher nitrogen content to promote healthy foliage growth.


Celery thrives in full sun, but it can also tolerate partial shade, especially in regions where intense heat is a concern. However, providing at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day is ideal for robust growth.

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Pest And Disease Control

Protect your celery plants from common pests such as aphids, snails, and slugs by regularly inspecting the plants and promptly addressing any pest issues. Employing organic pest control methods can help maintain a healthy growing environment.


Blanching is the process of covering the stalks with soil or cardboard to protect them from sunlight. In some varieties, blanching promotes a milder flavor and reduces bitterness. When the celery plants reach a height of about 8 to 10 inches, loosely tie the outer stalks with twine or use cardboard collars to cover the stalks, leaving the tips exposed.

Thin And Weed

Regularly thin the celery plants to ensure adequate space for growth and proper air circulation. Remove any weeds that compete with the celery for nutrients and moisture.


Celery is typically ready for harvest within 3 to 4 months after planting, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Here’s how to harvest celery:

  1. Stalk Size: Harvest the stalks when they reach a desirable size, usually 12 to 18 inches in length.
  2. Stalk Color and Texture: Look for firm, crisp stalks with a bright green color and a full, leafy canopy.
  3. Cutting Method: Use a sharp, clean knife or garden shears to cut the stalks at the base, just above ground level.

You can also harvest individual stalks as needed, allowing the remaining plants to continue growing and producing additional stalks.

By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can successfully plant and grow celery in your garden. From selecting the right variety to providing proper care and eventually harvesting the flavorful stalks, cultivating celery can be a rewarding and delicious addition to your gardening endeavors. With some patience and dedication, you can enjoy the crisp, fresh flavor of homegrown celery in your culinary creations.

Transplanting Celery Seedlings

Celery is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be grown in home gardens. It belongs to the Apiaceae family and is popular for its crisp stalks and distinctive flavor. Cultivating celery may seem daunting to some, but with the right techniques and care, anyone can successfully grow this healthy and delicious vegetable.

Celery is typically grown from seedlings rather than from seeds. Starting celery from seeds can be a time-consuming process, and the seedlings are often delicate and difficult to manage. Therefore, it is recommended to purchase young celery seedlings from a reputable nursery or garden center. Here are the steps to transplant the seedlings successfully:

  1. Prepare the soil: Celery plants prefer a rich, well-draining soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. Before transplanting, amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility and drainage.

  2. Select an appropriate location: Celery plants thrive in cool climates and require at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight daily. Choose a location in your garden that receives sufficient sunlight and is protected from strong winds.

  3. Harden off the seedlings: Seedlings need to be acclimated to outdoor conditions gradually. About two weeks before transplanting, place the seedlings in a sheltered spot outdoors for a few hours each day, gradually increasing the duration and exposure each day. This process allows the plants to adjust to outdoor temperatures and reduces the risk of transplant shock.

  4. Transplant the seedlings: When the seedlings have been hardened off and the soil has warmed up, it is time to transplant them into the garden. Dig holes that are deep and wide enough to accommodate the root ball of each seedling, spacing them 8 to 10 inches apart. Gently remove the seedlings from their containers, being careful not to damage the delicate roots, and place them in the prepared holes. Backfill the soil around the seedlings, firmly pressing to eliminate any air pockets.

  5. Water thoroughly: After transplanting, give the newly planted seedlings a good watering to ensure the soil is evenly moist. This will help the plants establish their roots in their new environment.

Proper Watering Techniques For Celery

Watering is an essential aspect of growing celery. Adequate moisture levels are crucial for the plant’s overall health and to prevent common issues such as wilting and bitterness in the stalks. Here are some watering techniques to follow when growing celery:

  1. Regular watering: Celery requires consistent moisture, and the soil should never be allowed to dry out completely. Water the plants deeply and evenly, so the moisture reaches the entire root system. This is especially important during dry spells or periods of high temperatures.

  2. Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or compost, around the base of celery plants helps retain moisture in the soil and prevents weed growth. Mulching reduces water evaporation and keeps the plants cooler during hot weather.

  3. Watering frequency: The frequency of watering largely depends on the climate and the stage of growth. As a general guideline, celery plants should receive 1 to 2 inches of water per week. Additionally, smaller and younger plants may require more frequent watering to establish their roots properly.

  4. Avoid overhead watering: It is best to water celery plants at the base rather than using overhead sprinklers. Overhead watering can lead to moisture-related diseases, such as fungal infections, and can cause damage to the foliage. Use a soaker hose or drip irrigation system to deliver water directly to the soil.

  5. Monitor soil moisture: Check regularly to ensure that the soil moisture levels are adequate. Stick your finger about an inch into the soil; if it feels dry, it’s time to water. If the soil is consistently too wet or too dry, adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

Fertilizing Celery Plants

Providing proper nutrition to celery plants is essential for their growth and development. Celery is a heavy feeder and requires an adequate supply of nutrients throughout the growing season. Here are some tips for fertilizing celery:

  1. Soil testing: Before fertilizing, it is beneficial to test the soil to determine its nutrient content and pH levels. This will help you identify any deficiencies and allow you to adjust the fertilizer application accordingly. You can purchase a home soil testing kit or send a soil sample to a local agricultural extension for a more accurate analysis.

  2. Organic matter: Prior to planting celery, enrich the soil with organic matter, such as well-rotted compost or aged manure. This will provide a slow-release source of nutrients and improve the soil’s structure and fertility.

  3. Nitrogen-rich fertilizer: Celery plants require an ample supply of nitrogen for healthy foliage growth. Apply a balanced fertilizer or one specifically formulated for vegetable crops, following the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates. Nitrogen can be applied in multiple doses throughout the growing season, starting with a light application at planting and subsequent applications every four to six weeks.

  4. Side-dressing: Midway through the growing season, when the plants are about 6 to 8 inches tall, a side-dressing of fertilizer can be beneficial. Work a nitrogen-rich fertilizer into the soil about 3 to 4 inches away from the base of the plants, taking care not to disturb the roots.

  5. Avoid over-fertilization: While providing adequate nutrients is essential for healthy plant growth, it is important not to over-fertilize. Overdoing it can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of stalk development. Follow the recommended application rates and guidelines to avoid nutrient imbalances.

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Managing Pests And Diseases In Celery

Like all plants, celery is prone to certain pests and diseases that can hinder its growth and productivity. To ensure healthy plants and a bountiful harvest, it is crucial to be vigilant and take appropriate measures to manage these threats. Here are some common pests and diseases that affect celery and methods to control them:

  1. Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that suck sap from the leaves and stems of celery plants. They can cause stunted growth and transmit viral diseases. To control an aphid infestation, try spraying the plants with a strong stream of water to dislodge them. You can also use insecticidal soap or neem oil, which are organic methods of controlling aphids.

  2. Cabbage loopers: Cabbage loopers are green caterpillars that can chew through celery leaves, causing significant damage. Handpicking them off the plants is an effective method of control. If the infestation is severe, consider using biological methods such as Bacillus thuringiensis (BT), a natural bacteria that targets caterpillars.

  3. Slugs and snails: Slugs and snails are common pests that feed on the leaves of celery plants. To manage them, remove any debris or hiding spots near the plants. You can also create barriers like copper tape or apply diatomaceous earth around the base of the plants to deter them. Beer traps or handpicking can also help control these pests.

  4. Fusarium wilt: Fusarium wilt is a fungal disease that causes yellowing and wilting of the celery plant. To prevent this disease, choose disease-resistant varieties when purchasing seedlings. Rotate crops yearly to avoid planting celery in the same location, as the fungus can persist in the soil.

  5. Leaf blight: Leaf blight is a common disease that affects celery, causing brown spots on the leaves. To manage leaf blight, remove and destroy any infected plant debris and practice good sanitation in the garden. Fungicides labeled for controlling leaf blight can also be used as a preventive measure.

  6. Rust: Rust is a fungal disease that causes orange or rust-colored spots on celery leaves. To manage rust, remove and destroy any infected plant material and ensure proper spacing between plants for adequate air circulation. Fungicides labeled for rust control can be used if necessary.

Remember that prevention is key when it comes to managing pests and diseases. Keeping your plants healthy through proper watering, fertilizing, and regular inspection will help minimize the risk of infestations and infections.

Growing celery is a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy the crisp and flavorful stalks of this versatile vegetable. By following the steps outlined in this article, from transplanting seedlings to proper watering techniques, fertilizing, and managing pests and diseases, you can successfully grow celery in your home garden. Remember to provide consistent moisture, enrich the soil with organic matter, and be vigilant in identifying and managing any pests or diseases that may arise. With a little care and attention, you will be able to harvest your own homegrown celery and savor its fresh taste in your favorite recipes. Happy gardening!

Harvesting Celery

Celery is a versatile and nutrient-rich vegetable that can be enjoyed raw in salads, cooked in soups or stir-fries, or used as a flavor-enhancing ingredient in various dishes. It is a crunchy and flavorful vegetable that is packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making it a popular choice among health-conscious individuals. Growing celery in your own garden is a rewarding experience and allows you to enjoy fresh, organic produce at your convenience.

Celery is typically ready to harvest around 85 to 120 days after planting. However, the actual harvesting time may vary depending on the specific variety, climate conditions, and cultivation practices. Here are some signs to look for when determining if your celery is ready for harvest:

  1. Stalk Size: The stalks of mature celery should be about 12 to 18 inches long and have a diameter of around 1 inch. The stalks should be firm and crisp to the touch.

  2. Color: The color of mature celery should be a vibrant shade of green. The stalks should be uniformly colored, without any signs of discoloration or browning.

  3. Leaf Development: The leaves of mature celery should be dark green and abundant. They should be upright and tightly packed together.

To harvest celery, use a sharp knife or garden shears to cut the stalks at the base, just above ground level. Avoid twisting or pulling on the stalks, as this can damage the plant. It’s best to harvest celery in the morning when the stalks are fully hydrated and crisp. After harvesting, remove any damaged or wilted leaves, and wash the stalks thoroughly before storing or using them.

Storing Celery

To keep your freshly harvested celery crisp and flavorful for a longer period, it’s important to store it properly. Here are some storage methods you can try:

  1. Refrigeration: Place the celery stalks in a perforated plastic bag or a container with a lid that allows for air circulation. Keep them in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator, where the temperature is cooler and more humid. Celery stored this way can last for up to two weeks.

  2. Water Storage: Alternatively, you can store celery in water. Trim the base of the stalks, place them in a glass or jar filled with water, and cover the top loosely with a plastic bag. Change the water every couple of days to prevent spoilage, and the celery will remain fresh for about a week.

  3. Freezing: If you have a surplus of celery and want to preserve it for future use, freezing is an option. First, blanch the celery stalks by briefly immersing them in boiling water for 1-2 minutes and then immediately transferring them to ice water. This process helps retain the vegetable’s color, texture, and nutrients. After blanching, chop the stalks into desired sizes and blanch them for another 2 minutes. Drain and pat them dry before storing in airtight containers or freezer bags in the freezer. Frozen celery can be kept for up to six months.

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Remember that while these methods can help prolong the shelf life of celery, it is always best to consume it fresh for optimal taste and nutritional value.

Companion Plants For Celery

Companion planting involves growing certain plants together to enhance their growth, improve pest control, and maximize crop yield. Celery can benefit from being planted alongside specific companion plants that provide shade, deter pests, or enhance its flavor. Here are some suitable companion plants for celery:

  1. Nasturtium: Nasturtiums are known to repel aphids and other common pests that can affect celery. They also attract beneficial insects like ladybugs, which feed on celery pests. Plant nasturtiums near celery for added protection and a pop of color.

  2. Dill: Dill attracts hoverflies, which prey on common celery pests like aphids and caterpillars. The aromatic foliage of dill also adds a nice touch when used in culinary applications with celery.

  3. Onions and Garlic: Both onions and garlic release strong odors that can help repel pests, including aphids and caterpillars, which are known to attack celery. Planting onions or garlic near celery can serve as a natural pest deterrent.

  4. Beans: Beans are a fantastic companion for celery, as they provide shade without competing for nutrients. They also attract beneficial insects that help control pests. Plant bush beans alongside celery for a mutually beneficial relationship.

  5. Tomatoes: Tomatoes can provide shade for celery during hot summer months. Their strong scent may also deter some pests. However, keep in mind that both celery and tomatoes have specific nutrient requirements, so it’s best to consider their compatibility when planning their placement in the garden.

By incorporating these companion plants in your celery garden, you can create a more sustainable and balanced ecosystem that helps promote healthy growth and minimize the risk of pest infestations.

Tips For Growing Celery In Containers

If you have limited garden space or prefer the convenience of container gardening, growing celery in pots or containers is a viable option. Here are some practical tips for successfully growing celery in containers:

  1. Choose the Right Container: Select a deep container or pot that is at least 12 inches deep to accommodate the root system of celery. Make sure the container has proper drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.

  2. Quality Soil: Use a well-draining and nutrient-rich potting mix for container-grown celery. Amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility and water-holding capacity.

  3. Adequate Sunlight: Celery thrives in full sun, so place your container in an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. If you have limited sun exposure, consider using reflective surfaces or grow lights to supplement the light requirements.

  4. Watering: Celery has high water requirements and thrives in consistently moist soil. Water your container-grown celery regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overhead watering, as celery leaves are susceptible to fungal diseases. Instead, water at the base of the plant.

  5. Fertilization: Celery is a heavy feeder and benefits from regular fertilization throughout its growth. Use a balanced organic fertilizer or a slow-release fertilizer formulated for vegetables. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates and frequency.

  6. Adequate Spacing: Allow sufficient spacing between celery plants in containers to ensure proper airflow and prevent overcrowding. The recommended spacing is usually around 8-10 inches between plants.

  7. Temperature and Humidity: Celery prefers cooler temperatures and moderate humidity. Ensure proper ventilation around the plants to prevent heat buildup and the development of fungal diseases.

  8. Support: Celery plants can become top heavy and may require support to prevent them from bending or toppling over. Use stakes or trellises to provide support for the plants as they grow taller.

  9. Successive Planting: To ensure a continuous harvest, consider successive planting by sowing new celery seeds every two weeks. This will extend the harvest period and provide a fresh supply of celery throughout the growing season.

By following these tips, you can successfully grow celery in containers and enjoy the taste of homegrown produce even if you have limited garden space.


Planting celery can be a rewarding endeavor that allows you to enjoy fresh, organic, and nutrient-rich veggies right from your garden. By carefully selecting the right varieties, harvesting at the correct time, and applying proper storage techniques, you can enjoy crispy, delicious celery for an extended period. Companion planting with suitable plants helps create a balanced ecosystem, while growing celery in containers offers a convenient alternative for those with limited space. Whether you opt for traditional in-ground cultivation or container gardening, the joy of growing your own celery is unmatched. So start planting today and savor the satisfaction of cultivating this versatile and healthy vegetable.


What Type Of Soil Is Best For Planting Celery?

Celery prefers well-drained, fertile soil with a pH between 6.0-7.0. Adding compost or organic matter can improve soil quality for optimal growth.

When Should I Plant Celery?

Celery can be planted in early spring or late summer, depending on your climate. Soil temperature should be around 55-60°F for best results.

How Deep Should I Plant Celery Seeds?

Celery seeds should be planted 1/4 inch deep in the soil, and spaced about 6-8 inches apart. If transplanting seedlings, make sure the soil covers the base of the stem.

Does Celery Require A Lot Of Water?

Yes, celery needs consistent and adequate moisture to thrive. Keep soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged, to prevent root rot.

How Long Does It Take For Celery To Grow?

On average, celery takes about 110-130 days to fully mature. However, some varieties may take slightly longer or shorter. Harvest time can also be extended by blanching stalks for a milder flavor.