How To Plant Dill From Seed [ Full Guide ]

Dill is a delicate, aromatic herb that adds a touch of freshness and flavor to various dishes. Growing dill from seed is a rewarding and straightforward process that allows you to enjoy its vibrant taste straight from your garden. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of planting dill from seed, from choosing the right seeds to nurturing them into robust, flavorful herbs.

Quick Answer: How To Plant Dill From Seed

  1. Choosing the right dill seeds
    To ensure successful germination and growth, select high-quality dill seeds from a reputable supplier. Look for seeds that are plump, firm, and have not expired.

  2. Preparing the soil for dill planting
    Dill thrives in well-drained, moderately rich soil with plenty of sunlight. Prepare the soil by adding organic matter and ensuring it is loose and well-aerated.

  3. Best time to sow dill seeds
    Dill seeds should be sown directly into the garden soil after the danger of frost has passed and the soil temperature is consistently above 60°F (15.5°C).

  4. Seed starting techniques for dill
    You can directly sow dill seeds into the garden bed or start them indoors in biodegradable pots before transplanting them outside.

Now, let’s delve into each step in detail to ensure you have all the information you need to successfully plant dill from seed.

Choosing The Right Dill Seeds

Selecting high-quality dill seeds is the first crucial step in the dill planting process. When choosing dill seeds, look for the following qualities:

  • Freshness: Opt for seeds that are plump, firm, and have not passed their expiration date. Fresh seeds have a higher germination rate, increasing the likelihood of successful growth.

  • Reputable Supplier: Purchase seeds from a trusted and reliable supplier to ensure the quality and authenticity of the dill seeds.

  • Variety: Consider the variety of dill seeds based on your preferences. Common varieties include Bouquet, Fernleaf, and Mammoth dill, each with its own distinct characteristics.

When selecting dill seeds, it’s essential to consider the specific needs of the variety and your local climate to ensure optimal growth and flavor development.

Preparing The Soil For Dill Planting

Dill thrives in well-drained, moderately rich soil. Here’s how to prepare the soil for planting dill seeds:

  1. Select an Appropriate Site: Choose a location that receives full sunlight, as dill requires at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth.

  2. Soil Preparation: Work the soil to a depth of 12-15 inches (30-38 cm), removing any debris or weeds. Incorporate organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and structure.

  3. pH Level: Check the pH level of the soil. Dill prefers a slightly acidic to neutral pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. If necessary, amend the soil with lime to raise the pH or sulfur to lower it.

  4. Soil Texture: Ensure the soil is loose and well-aerated, as dill roots require good air circulation. Avoid compacted soil, which can hinder root development and water absorption.

By taking the time to prepare the soil properly, you create an ideal environment for dill to establish strong roots and thrive throughout its growth cycle.

Best Time To Sow Dill Seeds

Timing is crucial when it comes to sowing dill seeds. Dill is sensitive to frost, so it’s essential to plant the seeds at the right time. The best time to sow dill seeds is after the last expected frost date in your area and when the soil temperature is consistently above 60°F (15.5°C).

In most regions, this typically falls in the late spring to early summer, providing the optimal conditions for dill seeds to germinate and grow successfully. Always familiarize yourself with the local climate and weather patterns to determine the best timing for planting dill in your specific location.

Seed Starting Techniques For Dill

You have two primary options when it comes to starting dill seeds: direct sowing or starting the seeds indoors before transplanting them into the garden.

Direct Sowing

Direct sowing involves planting the dill seeds directly into the prepared garden soil. Follow these steps for successful direct sowing of dill seeds:

  1. Seed Spacing: Sow the dill seeds about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in rows, spacing them approximately 18 inches apart. This ensures that the dill plants have adequate room to grow and prevents crowding.

  2. Watering: After sowing the seeds, gently water the soil to ensure it is evenly moist. Avoid overwatering, as dill seeds may rot if the soil is too wet.

  3. Thinning: Once the dill seedlings reach a few inches in height, thin them to maintain a spacing of around 12-15 inches between plants. This allows the remaining seedlings to develop into robust, healthy plants.

Starting Seeds Indoors

If you have a shorter growing season or want to get a head start on dill cultivation, you can start the seeds indoors before transplanting the seedlings outside. Follow these steps for starting dill seeds indoors:

  1. Container Selection: Choose biodegradable pots or trays with drainage holes to start your dill seeds. These containers allow for easy transplanting without disturbing the delicate roots of the seedlings.

  2. Seed Sowing: Fill the biodegradable pots or trays with a quality seed starting mix. Sow the dill seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in the soil, placing 2-3 seeds per pot.

  3. Light and Temperature: Place the containers in a warm, sunny location or under grow lights. Dill seeds germinate best in temperatures between 60-70°F (15.5-21°C). Ensure the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged.

  4. Transplanting: Once the danger of frost has passed and the dill seedlings have developed several true leaves, transplant them into the prepared garden soil. Remember to harden off the seedlings gradually before transplanting them to acclimate them to outdoor conditions.

By choosing the appropriate seed starting method and following these guidelines, you can establish healthy dill plants ready to thrive in your garden.

Planting dill from seed is a gratifying experience that allows you to enjoy the fresh, vibrant flavor of this versatile herb straight from your garden. By selecting high-quality dill seeds, preparing the soil thoughtfully, and choosing the right time for sowing, you can set the stage for successful dill cultivation.

Whether you opt for direct sowing in the garden or starting the seeds indoors, providing the ideal growing conditions and nurturing the dill plants with care will yield a bountiful harvest of flavorful dill for culinary use. With these comprehensive steps and techniques, you are well-equipped to embark on your journey of planting dill from seed and reaping the rewards of homegrown, freshly picked dill.

Germination Tips And Tricks

Dill is a popular herb known for its feathery leaves and unique flavor. It is commonly used in cooking, particularly in pickling recipes, and adds a fresh and tangy taste to dishes. If you enjoy using dill in your culinary creations, why not try planting it in your garden? Planting dill from seed is a rewarding experience that allows you to grow your own fresh supply of this versatile herb.

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To successfully grow dill from seed, it is important to ensure proper germination. Here are some tips and tricks to help you get the best results:

  1. Choosing the right seeds: Start by selecting high-quality dill seeds. It’s recommended to purchase seeds from a reputable supplier or use seeds that you have saved from a previous dill harvest.

  2. Preparing the soil: Dill grows best in well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.7. Before sowing the seeds, prepare the soil by removing any weeds and large clumps. Work in some compost or well-rotted manure to improve the soil’s fertility and drainage.

  3. Sowing the seeds: Dill seeds are small and delicate, so it’s important to sow them properly. Create furrows in the soil, about ¼ inch deep, and place the seeds about 6 to 12 inches apart. Cover the seeds lightly with soil and gently press down to ensure good seed-to-soil contact.

  4. Watering: After sowing, water the soil gently to keep it consistently moist, but not saturated. Avoid over-watering, as excessive moisture can lead to poor germination or root rot. Using a fine-mist sprayer or a watering can with a fine rose attachment is ideal for watering the dill seeds without disturbing them.

  5. Germination temperature: Dill seeds prefer a soil temperature of around 60-70°F (15-21°C) for optimal germination. The seeds usually take about 7 to 14 days to germinate, depending on the temperature and soil conditions.

  6. Providing adequate sunlight: Dill thrives in full sun, so make sure to provide at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. Place the seed trays or pots in a location where they can receive maximum sunlight exposure.

  7. Thin out overcrowded seedlings: Once the dill seedlings have emerged and grown to a height of 2-3 inches, thin them out to provide adequate space for each plant to grow. Use scissors or your fingers to gently snip off the weaker seedlings, leaving only the strongest and healthiest ones.

Transplanting Dill Seedlings

Transplanting dill seedlings from seed trays or small pots to the garden bed is an essential step in the growth process. Here’s how to do it properly:

  1. Timing: Dill seedlings can be transplanted outdoors once they have developed a few mature leaves and the risk of frost has passed. This is usually around 3-4 weeks after germination.

  2. Preparing the garden bed: Choose a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil. Remove any weeds or debris and loosen the soil to a depth of 8-10 inches. Incorporate some organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to improve the soil’s fertility.

  3. Transplanting process: Dig a hole in the garden bed that is slightly larger than the root ball of the dill seedling. Gently remove the seedling from its pot or tray, taking care not to disturb the roots too much. Place the seedling in the hole, ensuring that the soil level around the plant matches the level it was in the pot or tray. Backfill the hole and gently press the soil around the seedling to secure it in place.

  4. Spacing: Leave approximately 12-18 inches of space between each dill plant to allow for proper air circulation and growth. Crowded plants can lead to reduced air circulation and increased risk of diseases.

  5. Watering: After transplanting, water the dill seedlings gently and deeply to help them establish their roots in the new location. Use a watering can or a hose with a gentle shower attachment to provide an even distribution of water. Avoid splashing water directly onto the leaves, as this can promote disease.

Proper Spacing And Thinning Of Dill Plants

Proper spacing and thinning of dill plants are crucial for healthy growth and development. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. Spacing considerations: Dill plants can reach a height of 18-24 inches and have a spread of 9-12 inches. To give each plant enough space to develop fully, aim for spacing of about 12-18 inches between each plant.

  2. Thinning seedlings: Thin out overcrowded dill seedlings when they are about 2-3 inches tall. Allow only one healthy and vigorous seedling to grow per spacing distance. This will ensure that each plant has enough access to light, water, and nutrients.

  3. Thinning mature plants: As the dill plants continue to grow, they may become overcrowded and compete for resources. Thinning out the mature plants gives the remaining ones more space to thrive. Remove any weak or damaged plants, leaving only the healthiest and strongest ones.

  4. Harvesting while thinning: When thinning out the dill seedlings or mature plants, you can harvest the excess greens and use them in your cooking. This way, you can enjoy fresh dill leaves while also promoting the healthy growth of the remaining plants.

Watering And Fertilizing Dill Plants

Providing adequate water and nutrients is crucial for the growth and productivity of dill plants. Follow these guidelines for watering and fertilizing:

  1. Watering requirements: Dill plants prefer moderate watering. It is essential to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water deeply at the base of the plant, rather than sprinkling water on the foliage. Dill is relatively drought-tolerant once established, but consistent moisture will result in more flavorful leaves.

  2. Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or shredded leaves, around the base of the dill plants can help retain moisture in the soil. Mulch also helps to suppress weed growth and moderate soil temperatures.

  3. Fertilizing: Dill plants usually do not require heavy fertilization if the soil is well-prepared with organic matter. However, if your soil lacks fertility, you can apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer at the time of planting. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can result in excessive foliage growth with reduced flavor.

  4. Additional fertilization: If you notice your dill plants showing signs of nutrient deficiency, such as yellowing leaves, you can apply a foliar spray of liquid seaweed fertilizer or a balanced liquid fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for application rates and frequency.

  5. Avoiding over-watering: It’s important to strike a balance with watering, as over-watering can lead to root rot and other diseases. Dill plants prefer slightly drier conditions, so allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Monitor the moisture level by inserting your finger about an inch into the soil – if it feels dry, it’s time to water.

Planting dill from seed can be a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy the fresh and vibrant flavors of this versatile herb. By following the germination tips and tricks, transplanting seedlings, properly spacing and thinning the plants, and providing adequate watering and fertilization, you can ensure healthy growth and a bountiful harvest of dill. Remember to give your dill plants the care and attention they need, and you’ll be rewarded with a continuous supply of this aromatic herb for all your culinary delights. Happy planting!

Starting From Seed

Dill is a popular herb known for its distinct flavor and aroma. It is commonly used in pickling, salads, and various types of cuisines. Growing dill from seed is a rewarding and relatively easy process that allows you to have a fresh supply of this versatile herb in your backyard or garden.

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To begin the process of planting dill, you will need high-quality dill seeds. These can be easily obtained from garden centers or online seed suppliers. The best time to plant dill seeds is in the spring, after the last frost has passed, as dill is a warm-weather herb that thrives in full sun and well-drained soil.

  1. Preparing the soil: Choose a sunny spot in your garden or a large container with good drainage. Dill prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 5.8 to 6.5. Before planting, loosen the soil by removing any debris and weeds. Add compost or organic matter to improve soil fertility and drainage.

  2. Sowing the seeds: Dill seeds are small and delicate, so you will need to sow them directly into the soil or containers where they will grow. Make shallow rows or furrows in the soil, about ¼-inch deep and 12 to 18 inches apart. Sprinkle the dill seeds evenly along the furrows, spacing them about 6 inches apart. For container planting, choose a pot that is at least 12 inches deep to accommodate the long taproot of dill plants.

  3. Covering the seeds: Once the seeds have been evenly distributed, cover them lightly with soil. Dill requires light to germinate, so you should only cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, no more than ¼ to ½ inch. Gently pat down the soil to ensure good seed-to-soil contact.

  4. Watering the seeds: After sowing the seeds, water the soil gently to keep it evenly moist. Avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to damping off, a fungal disease that can kill young dill seedlings. Using a fine mist spray or a watering can with a rose attachment can help prevent the seeds from being displaced.

  5. Thinning the seedlings: Once the dill seedlings have emerged and have grown to about 2 inches in height, you will need to thin them. Thin the seedlings to a spacing of about 12 inches apart to allow room for the dill plants to grow properly. The thinned seedlings can be transplanted to fill in any empty spaces or used as a fresh herb in your cooking.

Managing Pests And Diseases In Dill Cultivation

Like any other plant, dill is susceptible to certain pests and diseases. However, with proper care and preventive measures, you can minimize the damage caused by these problems. Here are some common pests and diseases that may affect your dill plants and how to manage them:

  1. Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that feed on the sap of plants, including dill. They can cause stunted growth, distorted leaves, and the transmission of viral diseases. To control aphids, you can spray the affected plants with a strong jet of water to dislodge the pests. Alternatively, you can use insecticidal soap or neem oil, following the instructions on the product label.

  2. Fusarium Wilt: Fusarium wilt is a fungal disease that affects a wide range of plants, including dill. It causes yellowing and wilting of the leaves, as well as stunted growth. To prevent fusarium wilt, it is important to rotate your dill crops and avoid planting dill or other plants from the same family in the same location for at least three years. Additionally, maintaining proper soil drainage and avoiding overwatering can help control the spread of this disease.

  3. Powdery Mildew: Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease that affects a variety of plants, including dill. It appears as a white powdery coating on the leaves, stems, and flowers of infected plants. To prevent powdery mildew, ensure good air circulation around your dill plants by providing adequate spacing. If powdery mildew is detected, you can spray the plants with a mixture of 1 part milk to 9 parts water, as the proteins in milk can help inhibit the growth of the fungus.

  4. Caterpillars: Caterpillars, especially those of the cabbage white butterfly, can devour the foliage of dill plants. Regular inspection of your plants and prompt removal of caterpillars by hand-picking can effectively control their population. If the infestation is severe, you can also use organic insecticides such as Bacillus thuringiensis, which specifically targets caterpillars without harming beneficial insects.

  5. Slugs and Snails: Slugs and snails are common garden pests that can chew on the leaves and stems of dill plants, leading to significant damage. To deter these pests, you can create barriers such as copper tape or crushed eggshells around your dill plants. Alternatively, you can use beer traps or organic slug pellets to attract and eliminate slugs and snails.

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Harvesting Dill Leaves And Seeds

Dill plants can be harvested for their leaves as soon as they have reached a height of approximately 12 to 18 inches. Harvesting the leaves at this stage will ensure that they have developed their maximum flavor. Here’s how you can harvest dill leaves and seeds:

  1. Leaf Harvesting: To harvest dill leaves, use sharp scissors or garden shears to cut the leafy stems just above the soil level. Take care not to remove more than one-third of the foliage at a time to allow the plant to continue growing. Harvesting dill leaves regularly will encourage the plant to produce new growth.

  2. Seed Harvesting: Dill plants produce seeds towards the end of their growing season. The seeds are highly aromatic and can be used for culinary purposes or saved for future planting. To harvest dill seeds, wait until the flower heads have turned brown and dried out completely. Cut or pinch off the flower heads and place them in a paper bag. Allow the flower heads to dry further in a well-ventilated area for about a week. Once dry, gently rub the flower heads to release the seeds. Store the seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dark place until ready to use.

Storing And Preserving Fresh Dill

To make the most of your fresh dill harvest, it is important to store it properly to retain its flavor and freshness. Here are some tips for storing and preserving fresh dill:

  1. Refrigeration: Fresh dill can be stored in the refrigerator for up to one week. To store dill in the refrigerator, wrap the fresh stems loosely in a damp paper towel or place them in a plastic bag with a few small ventilation holes. This will help maintain the moisture and freshness of the herb.

  2. Freezing: If you have an abundance of fresh dill and want to extend its shelf life, freezing is an excellent option. To freeze dill, wash and pat dry the leaves and dill heads. Chop the leaves and place them in ice cube trays, filling each cube compartment about two-thirds full. Cover the leaves with water or olive oil, and freeze until solid. Once frozen, transfer the dill cubes to a freezer bag or airtight container. Frozen dill can be stored for up to six months and can be added directly to dishes during cooking.

  3. Drying: Drying is another method for preserving dill, especially for the seeds. To dry dill seeds, harvest the flower heads as previously described and place them in a well-ventilated area. Allow the flower heads to dry completely, which typically takes about one to two weeks. Once dry, gently rub the flower heads to release the seeds. Store the dried dill seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dark place.

Troubleshooting Common Issues When Growing Dill From Seed

While dill is generally a hardy herb, there are a few common issues that you may encounter during the growth process. Here are some troubleshooting tips for common problems when growing dill from seed:

  1. Damping Off: Damping off is a fungal disease that affects young seedlings, causing them to wilt and die. To prevent damping off, avoid overwatering and ensure good air circulation around the seedlings. Sterilize your containers and use fresh, disease-free potting soil.

  2. Bolting: Bolting refers to the premature formation of flowers and seed heads in dill plants. This can occur when the plants are exposed to high temperatures or stressful conditions. To prevent bolting, plant dill in the spring or early summer when temperatures are cooler. Regularly harvest the leaves to delay the formation of flowers.

  3. Poor Germination: If your dill seeds are not germinating well, it may be due to old or low-quality seeds. Make sure to use fresh seeds from a reputable source. Additionally, provide optimal growing conditions with proper soil preparation, watering, and sunlight exposure.

  4. Yellowing Leaves: Yellowing leaves can be caused by various factors, including nutrient deficiencies, overwatering, or pests. Check your dill plants for signs of pests or waterlogged soil. Make sure to provide adequate water and nutrients to maintain the health of the plants.


Growing dill from seed is a satisfying and rewarding endeavor. By following the step-by-step process outlined in this article, you can successfully plant dill and enjoy a fresh and abundant supply of this aromatic herb. Remember to manage pests and diseases, harvest dill leaves and seeds at the appropriate time, and store and preserve your harvest properly. With proper care and attention, your dill plants will thrive and provide you with a flavorful addition to your culinary creations.


When Is The Best Time To Plant Dill Seeds?

Dill seeds should be planted in the late spring or early summer when soil temperatures have reached at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit. This is typically after the last frost date in your region.

What Type Of Soil Is Best For Planting Dill Seeds?

Dill seeds prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. A slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5.5-6.5 is ideal for dill seed germination.

How Should I Prepare The Soil For Planting Dill Seeds?

Before planting, loosen the soil to a depth of 6-8 inches and remove any rocks, debris, or weeds. Mix in some compost or well-rotted manure to improve the soil’s fertility.

How Deep Should I Plant Dill Seeds?

Dill seeds should be planted ¼ inch deep in the soil. Planting them too deep can result in poor germination or stunted growth.

How Often Should I Water Dill Seeds After Planting?

Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, as excess moisture can cause the seeds to rot. Watering lightly once or twice a week should be sufficient, but adjust the frequency depending on weather conditions and soil moisture levels.