How To Plant In Raised Garden Bed [ Full Guide ]

Raised garden beds have become increasingly popular due to their numerous benefits such as improved drainage, better soil quality, and ease of maintenance. They are a fantastic option for growing a variety of plants, from vegetables to flowers. Understanding how to plant in a raised garden bed properly is crucial to ensure the success of your garden. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of planting in a raised garden bed, from selecting the right location to building and planting in your raised bed.

Quick Answer: How To Plant In Raised Garden Bed

  1. Selecting the right location: Choose a spot that receives adequate sunlight and is easily accessible for watering and tending to the plants.
  2. Choosing suitable materials: Opt for untreated wood, composite materials, or stone for your raised garden bed.
  3. Building your raised garden bed: Construct the bed to the desired size and height, ensuring proper support and drainage.
  4. Preparing the soil: Fill the bed with a mixture of topsoil, compost, and amendments to create a nutrient-rich growing environment.
  5. Planting in the raised bed: Arrange your plants according to their spacing requirements and water them thoroughly after planting.
  6. Maintenance and care: Monitor the moisture levels, weed regularly, and provide adequate nutrients as needed.

Following these steps will help you create a thriving garden in your raised bed.

Benefits Of Planting In Raised Garden Beds

Improved Soil Quality

One of the primary advantages of planting in raised garden beds is the ability to control the soil quality. By filling the beds with a custom blend of topsoil, compost, and other organic amendments, you can create an optimal growing environment for your plants. This nutrient-rich soil promotes healthy root development and enhances overall plant growth.

Better Drainage

Raised garden beds offer superior drainage compared to traditional ground-level gardens. The elevated design allows excess water to flow out of the bed, preventing waterlogging and reducing the risk of root rot. Proper drainage is crucial for plant health, especially in areas with heavy rainfall or poorly draining soil.

Weed And Pest Control

The raised height of these beds can deter some pests and make it easier to spot and remove weeds. Their contained nature provides a barrier against invasive plant roots, minimizing the risk of garden overgrowth and allowing you to focus on cultivating your chosen plants.

Accessibility And Aeration

The raised design of these beds provides easier access for planting, watering, and harvesting. This is particularly beneficial for individuals with mobility issues, as it reduces the need for bending or kneeling while tending to the garden. Additionally, the elevated structure promotes better air circulation around the plant roots, leading to improved aeration and healthier soil conditions.

Defined Garden Space

Raised garden beds create distinct garden zones, making it easier to organize and manage different types of plants. This can be especially advantageous for crop rotation, companion planting, and creating visually appealing garden layouts.

Selecting The Right Location For Your Raised Garden Bed

The location of your raised garden bed is crucial for the success of your plants. When choosing a spot, consider the following factors:

Sunlight Exposure

Select a location that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day, as most vegetables and flowering plants require ample sunlight for healthy growth. Avoid areas shaded by buildings, trees, or tall structures that can obstruct sunlight.


Ensure that the chosen location is easily accessible for watering, weeding, and harvesting. Consider proximity to water sources and the convenience of reaching the bed with gardening tools. Accessibility is particularly important if you have mobility limitations or use gardening equipment like wheelbarrows or carts.

Soil Quality

Assess the existing soil quality in the chosen location. While raised beds allow you to control the soil within the bed, it’s still beneficial to have a basic understanding of the soil composition in the surrounding area. Conduct a soil test to determine pH levels and nutrient deficiencies, which can guide your decisions on soil amendments later on.

Aesthetic Considerations

Consider the visual impact of the raised bed in your garden or landscape. While functionality should be a priority, integrating the raised bed into your overall garden design and considering its impact on surrounding plants and structures can enhance the overall aesthetic appeal of the space.

Choosing The Suitable Materials For Your Raised Garden Bed

When it comes to choosing the materials for your raised garden bed, there are several options to consider, each with its own pros and cons. Common materials for raised beds include wood, composite materials, and stone. Each material has unique characteristics that can affect the longevity, appearance, and suitability for your specific gardening needs.

Untreated Wood

Untreated wood, such as cedar, cypress, or redwood, is a popular choice for building raised garden beds. It is natural, easy to work with, and is readily available at most lumber stores. Untreated wood is preferred because it minimizes the risk of chemical leaching into the soil, which can be harmful to plants.

Composite Materials

Composite materials, often made from a blend of wood fibers and recycled plastics, offer durability and low maintenance. They are resistant to rot, moisture, and insect damage, making them a long-lasting option for raised beds. Composite materials come in a variety of colors and textures, providing a customizable aesthetic for your garden.


Stone is a durable and visually appealing option for raised garden beds. While it may require more labor and expertise to construct, a stone bed can add a touch of natural elegance to your garden. Stone walls also provide excellent support for the soil and withstand weathering over time.


Metal, particularly galvanized steel, is another option for constructing raised beds. It is sturdy, long-lasting, and can create a modern and sleek look in your garden. However, it’s important to note that metal beds can absorb heat, which can potentially impact soil temperature and affect plant growth in hot climates.

When choosing a material, consider factors such as cost, availability, aesthetic preferences, and the specific requirements of your gardening project. Keep in mind that the selected material should be safe for growing plants and resistant to decay, as it will come into direct contact with the soil and moisture.

Building Your Raised Garden Bed

Constructing a raised garden bed involves careful planning and precise execution to ensure a stable and functional structure. Here’s a step-by-step guide to building your raised bed:

Step 1: Determine The Size And Shape

Decide on the dimensions and shape of your raised bed based on your available space and gardening preferences. Common sizes range from 4×4 feet for small gardens to 4×8 feet for larger plantings. The height of the bed should allow for sufficient soil depth for the plants you intend to grow.

Step 2: Site Preparation

Clear the designated area of any vegetation, rocks, or debris. Level the ground if necessary, ensuring a stable foundation for the raised bed. Consider using a barrier, such as landscaping fabric, to prevent weeds from growing up into the bed from below.

Step 3: Assemble The Materials

If you’re using wood, cut the lumber to the required lengths and gather the necessary hardware, such as screws or galvanized nails. For stone or composite materials, arrange the stones or boards in the desired configuration to assess the overall layout.

Step 4: Construct The Frame

Assemble the sides of the raised bed according to your chosen design. Use corner brackets or vertical stakes to secure the corners and prevent the boards from shifting over time. Ensure that the corners are square and the sides are level, adjusting the alignment as needed.

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Step 5: Provide Support

For beds taller than one foot, consider adding internal supports, such as cross-bracing or intermediate stakes, to prevent bowing of the sides. This is especially important for longer beds to maintain structural integrity.

Step 6: Optional Additions

Consider additional features such as trellises, covers, or seating elements that may enhance the functionality and aesthetics of your raised garden bed. These additions can be incorporated during the construction process based on your specific gardening goals.

Step 7: Prepare The Base

If your raised bed will be placed on bare soil, loosen the ground within the bed area and incorporate a layer of gravel or coarse sand to improve drainage. This step is particularly important for areas with compacted or poorly draining soil.

Step 8: Fill With Soil

Once the frame is in place, fill the raised garden bed with a well-balanced mixture of topsoil, compost, and organic matter. This can be pre-mixed or added in layers directly into the bed. Aim for a level surface, slightly mounding the soil towards the center to allow for settling.

Step 9: Water And Settle

Thoroughly water the newly filled bed to settle the soil and ensure uniform moisture distribution. Allow the bed to rest for a few days before planting to allow the soil to stabilize and settle further.

Step 10: Install Protective Edging (Optional)

Consider adding protective edging, such as metal flashing or plastic borders, around the top edge of the bed to prevent soil erosion and provide a visually defined border for the garden.

By following these steps, you can build a sturdy and well-prepared raised garden bed that will provide an optimal environment for your plants to thrive.

Planting In The Raised Bed

Once your raised garden bed is constructed and filled with soil, it’s time to start planting. Here’s a guide to planting in a raised garden bed for a successful and bountiful garden:

Step 1: Select Your Plants

Choose a selection of plants that are suitable for your growing conditions, taking into account factors such as sunlight requirements, spacing, and compatibility with nearby plants. Consider a mix of vegetables, herbs, and flowers to create a diverse and visually appealing garden.

Step 2: Plan Your Layout

Before planting, arrange your selected plants within the raised bed according to their spacing requirements and growth habits. Consider factors such as mature plant size, spreading tendencies, and any companion planting strategies to maximize space and promote healthy plant interactions.

Step 3: Planting Technique

Dig individual planting holes or trenches for your plants, ensuring that they are set at the appropriate depth and distance from each other as recommended for each specific plant type. Gently remove plants from their containers, tease out and loosen the roots if root-bound, and place them in the prepared holes.

Step 4: Watering

After planting, thoroughly water the bed to settle the soil around the newly transplanted or seeded plants. Proper hydration is vital for establishing healthy root systems and reducing transplant shock.

Step 5: Mulching (Optional)

Consider applying a layer of organic mulch, such as straw, shredded leaves, or pine needles, around the base of your plants to retain soil moisture, suppress weed growth, and moderate soil temperature.

Step 6: Provide Support For Climbing Plants

If growing vining or climbing plants, install trellises, stakes, or other support structures to guide their growth and keep them off the ground. This will help maximize space and prevent overcrowding within the raised bed.

Step 7: Fertilizing (Optional)

Based on the nutrient requirements of the plants you are growing, consider incorporating a balanced organic fertilizer into the soil or applying a top dressing of compost to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth.

Step 8: Monitor And Maintain

Regularly monitor the moisture levels in the raised bed and adjust watering as needed. Keep an eye out for weeds and remove them promptly to prevent competition for resources. Additionally, inspect your plants for any signs of pests or diseases and take appropriate action to mitigate any issues.

By carefully following these planting steps and providing attentive care, you can establish a thriving garden within your raised bed.

Planting in a raised garden bed offers numerous advantages, from improved soil quality and drainage to better control over garden maintenance. The process of planting in a raised garden bed involves thoughtful considerations, from selecting the right location to choosing suitable materials and constructing the bed. By following the step-by-step guidance provided in this comprehensive guide, you can create a flourishing garden within a raised bed that will yield an abundant harvest and add beauty to your outdoor space. Happy gardening!

Preparing The Soil For Planting In A Raised Garden Bed

Raised garden beds have become increasingly popular among gardeners due to their numerous advantages. They provide better drainage, prevent soil compaction, and make gardening more accessible for those with physical limitations. However, to get the best results from your raised garden bed, it is crucial to know the proper techniques for planting.

Before you start planting in your raised garden bed, it is essential to prepare the soil properly. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Clear the Bed: Remove any existing vegetation or weeds from the bed. It is important to start with a clean slate to prevent competition for nutrients and sunlight.

  2. Loosen the Soil: Use a garden fork or a tiller to loosen the soil in the raised bed. This will improve drainage and allow plant roots to penetrate more easily.

  3. Amend the Soil: Raised garden beds often require additional amendments to improve soil fertility and structure. Mix in organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to enrich the soil and enhance its ability to retain moisture.

  4. Check the pH Level: Test the soil pH to ensure it is suitable for the plants you plan to grow. Most vegetables thrive in slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. If the pH is too high or too low, you can adjust it by adding lime to raise the pH or sulfur to lower it.

  5. Rake the Soil: After amending the soil, rake it to create a smooth surface. Remove any rocks, debris, or clumps to ensure even planting and prevent obstacles to root growth.

Selecting The Right Plants For Your Raised Garden Bed

Choosing the right plants for your raised garden bed is crucial for a successful harvest. Consider the following factors when selecting plants:

  1. Climate: Take into account your local climate and choose plants that are well-suited to the temperature, rainfall, and sunlight conditions in your area. Some plants thrive in hot climates, while others prefer cooler temperatures.

  2. Space: Determine the available space in your raised bed and select plants that will fit without overcrowding. Consider the mature size of each plant to ensure they have enough room to grow and develop properly.

  3. Companion Planting: Utilize companion planting techniques to maximize the productivity and health of your raised garden bed. Some plants naturally repel pests or attract beneficial insects, while others enhance soil fertility or provide shade for neighboring plants.

  4. Plant Varied Crops: To make the most of your raised garden bed, plant a variety of crops. This will not only provide you with a diverse and nutritious harvest but also help prevent the spread of diseases and pests. Choose a mix of vegetables, herbs, and flowers to create a vibrant and beneficial ecosystem.

  5. Consider Succession Planting: Succession planting involves sowing or planting new crops as soon as the previous ones are harvested. This ensures a continuous supply of fresh produce throughout the growing season. Select crops with varying maturity times to implement succession planting effectively.

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Proper Spacing And Arrangement Of Plants In A Raised Garden Bed

Spacing and arrangement of plants are vital aspects of successful raised bed gardening. Here are some guidelines to follow:

  1. Plant Spacing: Each plant has different spacing requirements, depending on its size and growth habit. Follow spacing recommendations provided on seed packets or plant labels. Overcrowding plants can result in poor airflow, increased disease risk, and stunted growth.

  2. Square Foot Gardening: Square foot gardening is a popular technique in raised beds that maximizes space utilization. Divide the bed into square foot sections (12 inches by 12 inches) and plant one type of crop in each square. This method allows for efficient use of space and simplifies the management of plants.

  3. Companion Planting: As mentioned earlier, companion planting involves strategically placing plants together to benefit each other. For example, tall plants can provide shade for sun-sensitive crops, while certain flowers can attract pollinators and deter pests. Consult companion planting charts and guides to determine the best combinations for your raised bed.

  4. Crop Rotation: To prevent the buildup of diseases and pests in the soil, practice crop rotation. Avoid planting the same crop or related crops in the same spot year after year. Rotate different plant families or groups to ensure a healthy and balanced garden ecosystem.

Planting Techniques For Raised Garden Beds

Now that you have prepared the soil and selected the right plants, it’s time to start planting in your raised garden bed. Follow these planting techniques for optimal results:

  1. Transplant Nursery Seedlings: Many gardeners prefer to start their plants from seedlings purchased at a nursery. Dig a hole in the prepared raised bed that is slightly larger than the container of the seedling. Gently remove the plant from the container and place it in the hole, ensuring that the seedling is planted at the same depth it was in the container. Fill the hole with soil, gently press down, and water thoroughly.

  2. Direct Sowing: Some plants can be directly sown in the raised garden bed from seeds. Follow the seed packet instructions for proper planting depth and spacing. Create furrows or small holes in the soil using a dibber or your finger, place the seeds in the holes, cover them with soil, and water gently.

  3. Provide Support: If you are growing tall or climbing plants such as tomatoes, cucumbers, or beans, it is important to provide support. Install stakes, trellises, or cages before planting, as inserting them afterward may disturb the roots. Securely tie the stems of the plants to the support structure as they grow.

  4. Watering: Water your newly planted raised bed thoroughly immediately after planting. This ensures the soil is evenly moist and helps the transplants establish their roots. Throughout the growing season, monitor the moisture levels in the bed and water when necessary. Raised beds can dry out more quickly than traditional beds, so regular watering is crucial.

  5. Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or wood chips, around the base of the plants. Mulch helps suppress weeds, retain moisture, and moderate soil temperature. Be mindful not to heap mulch against the stem of the plants to prevent rot and pest infestations.

  6. Maintenance: Regular maintenance is essential for the health and productivity of your raised garden bed. Monitor the plants for signs of pests, diseases, or nutrient deficiencies. Remove weeds promptly to prevent competition for resources. Prune or pinch back plants as needed to encourage bushier growth. Fertilize the bed with organic fertilizers according to plant requirements.

Planting in a raised garden bed offers numerous benefits, including improved drainage, prevention of soil compaction, and greater accessibility. By following the proper techniques for soil preparation, plant selection, spacing, arrangement, and planting, you can create a thriving raised bed garden that yields bountiful harvests throughout the growing season. Remember to maintain the bed regularly, providing proper care and attention to ensure the long-term success of your raised garden. Happy planting!

Watering And Irrigation Strategies For Raised Garden Beds

Raised garden beds are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners for their ease of use, accessibility, and ability to produce a bountiful harvest. Whether you have limited space, poor soil quality, or want to keep plants safe from ground-dwelling pests, raised garden beds offer numerous benefits. However, to make the most of your raised garden bed, it is essential to understand the proper techniques and strategies for planting.

Watering is a crucial factor when it comes to the success of any garden, and raised garden beds have unique watering requirements due to their different soil composition and drainage capabilities. Here are some strategies to ensure your plants receive adequate moisture:

  1. Proper soil preparation: Before planting in a raised garden bed, it is important to prepare the soil to ensure good drainage. Start by loosening the soil with a garden fork or tiller, removing any weeds or debris. Next, mix in compost or aged manure to improve soil structure and fertility. This step will help prevent waterlogging and allow excess moisture to drain away.

  2. Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or wood chips, around your plants helps retain moisture in the soil and reduces evaporation. Mulching also helps regulate soil temperature and suppresses weed growth. Spread the mulch around the base of your plants, leaving a small gap to allow water to reach the roots.

  3. Watering techniques: To determine when and how much to water, it is essential to regularly check the moisture level of your raised garden bed. Stick your finger or a moisture meter about an inch into the soil to assess its dryness. Watering will depend on factors such as the weather, plant species, and soil type, but a general guideline is to keep the soil consistently moist without becoming waterlogged. Water deeply and thoroughly, ensuring the water reaches the roots.

  4. Drip irrigation: Installing a drip irrigation system is an efficient way to water your plants in a raised garden bed. This system delivers water directly to the plant’s root zone, minimizing water loss due to evaporation and ensuring proper hydration. Drip irrigation also helps to prevent diseases by keeping the foliage dry.

  5. Rainwater harvesting: Utilizing rainwater collected from rooftops or other surfaces can be an eco-friendly and cost-effective way to irrigate your raised garden bed. Position a rain barrel or container near your bed and use it to water your plants during dry periods. Investing in a rainwater harvesting system can provide a consistent water source while conserving energy and reducing your water bill.

Fertilizing And Maintaining Nutrient Levels In A Raised Garden Bed

Raised garden beds, especially those constructed with lightweight soil mixes or native soil, may require additional nutrients to support plant growth and productivity. Here’s how you can ensure your plants receive the necessary nutrients:

  1. Soil testing: Before adding any fertilizer, it is essential to know the nutrient levels in your soil. Testing kits or professional laboratory analysis can provide valuable information about the pH and nutrient composition of your raised garden bed. Based on the results, you can determine which nutrients are lacking and adjust your fertilization strategy accordingly.

  2. Organic matter: Incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into your raised garden bed is crucial for long-term soil health. Organic matter improves soil structure, retains moisture, and provides slow-release nutrients. Mix a generous amount of compost into the top few inches of the soil before planting and continue to add it periodically to replenish nutrient levels.

  3. Slow-release fertilizers: Slow-release fertilizers can be an effective option for maintaining nutrient levels in a raised garden bed. These fertilizers release nutrients gradually over an extended period, providing a steady supply of essential elements to your plants. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates and frequency.

  4. Liquid fertilizers: Liquid fertilizers, such as compost tea or seaweed extract, can be used as foliar sprays or applied directly to the soil around your plants. These fertilizers are quickly absorbed by the plants, providing an instant nutrient boost. Dilute the liquid fertilizer according to the package instructions and apply it during the plant’s active growth stage.

  5. Crop rotation and companion planting: To maintain nutrient balance in your raised garden bed and prevent nutrient depletion, practice crop rotation and companion planting. Rotate crops every season to avoid planting the same family of plants in the same area repeatedly. Additionally, companion planting helps to enhance nutrient uptake and deter pests, resulting in healthier plants.

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Pest Control Measures For Raised Garden Beds

While raised garden beds can offer some protection from ground-dwelling pests, it’s still important to implement effective pest control measures to keep your plants healthy and pest-free. Here are some strategies you can employ:

  1. Physical barriers: Installing physical barriers such as netting or fencing around your raised garden bed can prevent larger pests like rabbits, squirrels, or deer from accessing your plants. Ensure that the barriers are strong and properly secured to deter both ground-dwelling and aerial invaders.

  2. Companion planting: Certain plant combinations have natural pest-repellent properties. For example, planting marigolds, nasturtiums, or basil around your vegetables can deter aphids, whiteflies, and other pests. Additionally, beneficial insects such as ladybugs and lacewings are attracted to these companion plants, further aiding in pest control.

  3. Intercropping: Intercropping is the practice of planting different crops with different growth habits together in close proximity. This technique can confuse pests and deter them from homing in on a particular crop. For instance, planting onions or garlic alongside susceptible plants can help repel pests such as aphids or cabbage worms.

  4. Natural predators and beneficial insects: Encourage natural predators and beneficial insects to inhabit your raised garden bed by creating a welcoming environment. Plant flowers such as zinnias, daisies, or yarrow to attract pollinators like bees and butterflies. Additionally, install birdhouses or birdbaths to attract birds that feed on garden pests. Providing a diverse and balanced ecosystem will help control pests naturally.

  5. Organic pest control methods: If pest infestations occur despite your preventive measures, consider using organic pest control methods. Neem oil, insecticidal soaps, or homemade sprays made from garlic or hot pepper can help control pest populations without harmful effects on the environment or beneficial insects. Always follow the product instructions and apply treatments during the appropriate times to maximize their effectiveness.

Harvesting And Preserving Produce From Raised Garden Beds

One of the most rewarding aspects of gardening in raised beds is the ability to enjoy fresh, homegrown produce. Here’s how you can ensure a successful harvest and make the most of your bounty:

  1. Harvesting at the right time: Knowing when to harvest each crop is essential for optimal flavor and nutritional content. Different fruits and vegetables have specific indicators for ripeness, such as color, size, or firmness. Refer to seed packets or gardening references to determine the best time to harvest your specific crops, ensuring that you pick them at their peak.

  2. Proper handling and storage: Handle harvested produce with care to prevent bruising or damage. Remove any dirt, debris, or pests from the harvested vegetables and fruits. For root vegetables such as carrots or beets, remove the leafy greens, leaving a small stem intact to prevent moisture loss. Store each crop according to its specific requirements, whether it should be kept at room temperature, in the refrigerator, or in a cool cellar.

  3. Preservation methods: To extend the shelf life of your harvested produce, consider preserving it through various methods. Canning, freezing, drying, or making jams and preserves are all effective ways to enjoy your garden’s harvest year-round. Refer to reliable preservation guides or consult with experienced gardeners to ensure safe and successful preservation techniques.

  4. Continual harvesting: Some plants, such as herbs and leafy greens, are continually harvested throughout the growing season. Ensure you regularly harvest the edible parts to encourage new growth and prevent them from becoming tough or bitter. Regular harvesting also prevents over-ripening, minimizing waste and maximizing your harvest yield.


Planting in a raised garden bed offers numerous advantages, including improved soil drainage, accessibility, and better pest control. By implementing proper watering and irrigation strategies, maintaining nutrient levels, controlling pests effectively, and preserving your harvested produce, your raised garden bed can provide you with a bountiful and rewarding gardening experience. Take the time to understand the unique needs of your plants, assess soil characteristics, and apply appropriate techniques to ensure the success and productivity of your raised garden bed. With a little care and attention, your raised garden bed will flourish, providing you with fresh, delicious produce for years to come.


What Materials Can I Use To Build A Raised Garden Bed?

There are various materials you can use such as wood, brick, concrete blocks, or even recycled materials such as old tires or pallets. Make sure the material you choose is durable and won’t rot or break down quickly.

How Much Soil Should I Put In A Raised Garden Bed?

The amount of soil you’ll need will depend on the size of your raised garden bed. A good rule of thumb is to fill it with a 50/50 mix of topsoil and compost, leaving about 6 inches of space from the top for mulch.

Do I Need To Line The Bottom Of My Raised Garden Bed With Anything?

It’s not necessary to line the bottom of your raised garden bed. However, some gardeners prefer to add a layer of weed barrier fabric to prevent weeds from growing up into the bed.

How Often Should I Water My Raised Garden Bed?

The frequency of watering will depend on the type of plants you have and the weather conditions. Generally, raised garden beds require more frequent watering than traditional in-ground gardens as the soil can dry out faster. It’s best to check the soil moisture level with your finger and water when the top inch is dry.

Can I Grow Any Type Of Plant In A Raised Garden Bed?

Yes, raised garden beds are great for growing a variety of plants such as vegetables, herbs, flowers, and even small bushes or trees. Just make sure to choose plants that are suitable for the size of your raised garden bed and the amount of sun it receives.