How To Plant Shallots From Bulbs [ Full Guide ]

Shallots are a versatile and flavorsome ingredient that can add depth to various dishes. While they are readily available in most grocery stores, growing your own shallots can be rewarding and cost-effective. Planting shallots from bulbs is a popular method and can yield a bountiful harvest when done correctly. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the details of planting shallots from bulbs, covering every aspect from understanding shallots and their bulbs to selecting the right bulbs and the best time to plant them.

Quick Answer: How To Plant Shallots From Bulbs

Planting shallots from bulbs involves several key steps, including preparing the soil, selecting the right bulbs, and ensuring proper spacing and depth for planting. Follow these simple steps to plant shallots from bulbs:

  1. Prepare the Soil: Choose a site with well-draining, fertile soil and ensure it receives ample sunlight.
  2. Select Quality Bulbs: Choose healthy, firm shallot bulbs from a reputable supplier or farmer’s market.
  3. Planting Depth: Plant the bulbs about 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart, ensuring the pointed end faces up.
  4. Growth and Maintenance: Water the bulbs regularly, providing 1-2 inches of water per week. Mulch the area to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  5. Harvesting: Shallots are typically ready for harvest when the foliage begins to yellow and wilt. Gently loosen the soil and lift the bulbs, allowing them to dry before storage.

Following these steps, with attention to soil quality, bulb selection, and care during growth, can lead to a successful harvest of flavorful shallots.

Understanding Shallots: A Brief Introduction

Before delving into the specifics of planting shallots from bulbs, it’s beneficial to understand the characteristics and nature of shallots themselves.

What Are Shallots?

Shallots (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) are a type of onion with a mild, sweet, and slightly pungent flavor. They are favored by chefs and home cooks for their versatility in various culinary applications. Shallots are typically smaller than onions, with multiple cloves enclosed within a single bulb. They are a staple ingredient in French cooking and are widely used in sauces, dressings, and other recipes where a milder flavor is desired.

Shallots can be grown from seeds, sets, or bulbs. While all methods have their merits, growing shallots from bulbs is particularly popular due to its simplicity and reliability.

What Are Shallot Bulbs

Shallot bulbs are the swollen, underground storage structures of the shallot plant. Within a shallot bulb, there are multiple individual cloves enclosed within a papery skin. Each clove has the potential to grow into a new shallot plant when properly planted and cared for.

Shallot bulbs come in various sizes, and the quality of the bulb can directly impact the success of the resulting plant. When selecting bulbs, it is essential to choose healthy, firm bulbs to ensure a successful planting and harvest.

Choosing The Right Shallot Bulbs

Selecting the right shallot bulbs is crucial for successful planting and a bountiful harvest. When choosing bulbs, consider the following factors to ensure optimum results.

Quality And Health

When selecting shallot bulbs, prioritize quality and health. Look for bulbs that are firm, free from mold or signs of damage, and have dry, papery skins. Avoid bulbs that feel soft or show any indication of disease or rot.


Choose bulbs of appropriate size. While it’s tempting to select the largest bulbs, smaller to medium-sized bulbs are often better for planting. Larger bulbs may be prone to bolting, where the plant prematurely produces a flower stalk instead of developing a robust bulb.

Certified Bulbs

If possible, opt for certified disease-free shallot bulbs. Certified bulbs have undergone testing and inspection to ensure they are free from common diseases and pests that can hamper plant growth and yield.

Reputable Suppliers

Purchase shallot bulbs from reputable suppliers, local nurseries, or farmer’s markets. This increases the likelihood of obtaining quality bulbs that are suited to your local growing conditions.

By carefully selecting healthy, appropriately sized shallot bulbs from reputable sources, gardeners can significantly improve their chances of a successful harvest.

When Is The Best Time To Plant Shallot Bulbs

The timing of planting shallot bulbs plays a crucial role in their growth and development. Understanding the best time to plant ensures that the bulbs have the optimal conditions to establish strong roots and produce healthy plants.


Shallot bulbs are typically planted in the early spring or fall, depending on the climate and growing conditions in your region. In areas with milder winters, fall planting is often preferred as it allows the bulbs to establish roots before the winter chill sets in. In cooler regions, spring planting after the threat of frost has passed is ideal.

Soil Temperature

Plant shallot bulbs when the soil temperature is consistently above 50°F (10°C). Cooler soil temperatures can slow down root development and lead to stunted growth. Monitoring soil temperature with a soil thermometer can aid in determining the optimal planting time.

Frost Considerations

Avoid planting shallot bulbs in soil that is still prone to frost. Frost can damage the bulbs and hinder their ability to sprout and establish growth. If planting in the fall, ensure that the selected planting site allows for sufficient time for the bulbs to take root before the arrival of freezing temperatures.

Regional Variations

Regional variations in climate and frost dates can impact the ideal planting time for shallot bulbs. Consult local gardening resources, agricultural extension offices, or experienced gardeners in your area to determine the most suitable planting window for your specific location.

By adhering to the optimal planting time and considering local climate conditions, gardeners can maximize the potential for healthy shallot plants and a successful harvest.

Planting shallots from bulbs can be a rewarding and enjoyable endeavor, providing a sustainable source of this flavorful ingredient for culinary creations. Understanding the nature of shallots, selecting the right bulbs, and planting at the optimal time are critical factors in achieving a successful harvest. With proper care and attention, gardeners can enjoy a bountiful yield of shallots, adding a touch of freshness and flavor to their culinary endeavors. By following the detailed steps and considerations outlined in this guide, you can embark on a successful journey of planting and growing shallots from bulbs.

Preparing Your Garden For Shallot Planting

Shallots are a versatile and flavorful addition to any kitchen garden. These tasty members of the onion family are easy to grow from bulbs and can be enjoyed in a variety of culinary dishes. Planting shallots from bulbs requires some careful preparation and proper care, but with the right knowledge, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of these delicious and aromatic bulbs.

Before you start planting your shallot bulbs, it’s essential to prepare your garden beds properly. Here’s what you need to do:

  1. Choose the right location: Shallots prefer a sunny spot in the garden. Select an area with full sun exposure for at least six to eight hours each day.

  2. Soil preparation: Shallots thrive in loose, well-drained soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. Begin by removing any weeds or debris from the planting area.

  3. Amend the soil: If your soil is heavy or clayey, it’s beneficial to amend it with organic matter to improve drainage and nutrient content. Mix in compost or well-rotted manure to a depth of six inches.

  4. Loosen the soil: Use a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil further, breaking up any large clumps and incorporating the organic matter thoroughly.

  5. Remove stones and debris: While loosening the soil, take the time to remove any stones, roots, or debris that could hinder root development.

  6. Level the soil surface: Rake the soil to create a level and smooth surface for planting. This will make it easier to plant bulbs and ensure even watering.

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By following these steps, you’ll create an ideal environment for your shallot bulbs to grow and thrive.

Step-by-Step Guide To Planting Shallot Bulbs

Now that you have prepared your garden beds, it’s time to plant your shallot bulbs. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through the process:

Step 1: Obtaining Shallot Bulbs

Start by sourcing high-quality shallot bulbs. Look for bulbs that are firm, free from mold or soft spots, and ideally, of a decent size. You can purchase shallot bulbs at your local garden center or seed supplier. Choose a variety that suits your taste preferences and growing conditions.

Step 2: Preparing Shallot Bulbs For Planting

Before planting, it’s important to prepare the shallot bulbs properly. Follow these steps:

  1. Separate the bulbs: If your shallot bulbs are clustered together, gently separate them into individual bulbs. Each shallot bulb will produce a single plant.

  2. Inspect for damage or disease: Examine each bulb for any signs of damage or disease. Discard any bulbs that aren’t in prime condition, as they may not grow well or could introduce diseases to your garden bed.

  3. Remove the papery skin: Peel away the loose, papery outer layer of each bulb, revealing the clean and intact inner layers.

  4. Optional: Soaking the bulbs: Some gardeners choose to soak shallot bulbs in a solution of water and a seaweed-based fertilizer before planting. This step can help stimulate root development and provide a nutrient boost. Follow the instructions accompanying the fertilizer for soaking duration and concentration.

Step 3: Planting Shallot Bulbs

Now that your bulbs are ready, it’s time to plant them in your prepared garden bed. Follow these steps for successful planting:

  1. Spacing: Shallot bulbs should be spaced approximately six inches apart in rows. Leave a distance of 12-18 inches between rows to allow for easy access for maintenance and harvesting.

  2. Planting depth: Dig a shallow trench with a depth of approximately one to two inches. Place the shallot bulb in the trench with the pointed end facing upward. The top of the bulb should be level with the soil surface. If you have smaller bulbs, planting them slightly deeper can help promote larger bulb development.

  3. Plant orientation: Make sure to plant the bulbs with the root end facing down and the pointed end upward. This will ensure that the bulbs grow properly.

  4. Covering and firming: Gently backfill the trench, covering the bulbs with soil. Press the soil lightly around each bulb to ensure good soil-to-bulb contact and firm the soil slightly. Avoid compacting the soil too firmly, as this could hinder root growth.

  5. Labeling rows: To avoid confusion when your shallots start to emerge, it’s helpful to label each row with the variety or planting date. This will allow you to keep track of different varieties and manage your garden more efficiently.

By following these planting steps, you will ensure that your shallot bulbs are correctly placed in the soil, providing them with the best conditions for growth.

Caring For Your Shallot Plants

After planting your shallot bulbs, it’s essential to provide them with proper care to encourage healthy growth and development. Here are some key care tips to keep in mind:


Shallots require consistent moisture throughout their growing season. These bulbs have shallow roots, so it’s important to water them deeply but less frequently. Aim for about one inch of water per week, either from rainfall or supplemental watering. Monitor the soil moisture level and adjust watering accordingly. Avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to rot or fungal diseases.


Applying a layer of mulch around your shallots can provide several benefits. Mulch helps conserve soil moisture by reducing evaporation, suppresses weed growth, and moderates soil temperature. Use organic mulch, such as straw or compost, and apply it around the base of the plants, taking care not to bury the shallot bulbs.


Shallots benefit from regular fertilization to promote healthy growth and bulb development. Before planting, incorporate compost or well-rotted manure into the soil to provide a nutrient-rich foundation. Additionally, you can apply a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 or 14-14-14, once the shallots have established themselves. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for application rates and timings.


As your shallot plants grow, you may need to thin them out to provide adequate space for bulb development. Thinning involves removing the smaller, weaker plants, leaving the largest and healthiest ones to grow to maturity. Thinning should be done when the plants reach a height of about six inches. Use scissors or small pruning shears to carefully remove the unwanted plants at ground level.


Regular weeding is necessary to keep your shallot beds clear of competition from unwanted plants. Weeds can rob your shallots of essential nutrients, water, and sunlight. Be diligent in removing weeds as soon as they appear, taking care not to disturb the shallot plants. Hand pulling or using a small hand tool are effective ways to keep weeds at bay.


If you notice that your shallot plants are becoming top-heavy or leaning over, it may be beneficial to stake them for support. Drive stakes into the ground near the plants and gently tie the foliage to the stakes using garden twine or soft plant ties. This will help prevent the plants from bending or breaking under their weight, especially as the bulbs grow larger.

By following these care tips, you can ensure that your shallot plants remain healthy and vigorous throughout their growing season.

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Dealing With Pests And Diseases

Like any garden plants, shallots are susceptible to pests and diseases. By being vigilant and taking preventive measures, you can minimize the impact of these potential problems. Here are some common pests and diseases that may affect shallots and how to deal with them:


  1. Onion fly: Onion fly maggots can damage your shallots by tunneling into the bulbs. To prevent these pests, cover your plants with floating row covers or fine insect netting. This physical barrier will prevent the adult flies from laying eggs on the plants.

  2. Thrips: Thrips are tiny insects that feed on shallot foliage, causing yellowing, stunted growth, and distorted leaves. Regularly inspect your plants for signs of thrip infestation. If detected, you can use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control these pests. Follow the instructions on the product label for safe and effective application.

  3. Slugs and snails: These slimy creatures can munch on shallot leaves, causing significant damage to the foliage. Use organic slug and snail baits or traps to control them. Applying copper tape around the base of your plants can also deter their movement.


  1. White rot: White rot is a fungal disease that affects shallots and other alliums. It causes white, fluffy growth on the bulbs and eventually leads to rotting. Choose disease-resistant shallot varieties and practice proper crop rotation to minimize the risk of white rot. Avoid overwatering and provide adequate air circulation to reduce humidity around the plants. If white rot is detected, remove and destroy the infected plants to prevent the further spread of the disease.

  2. Purple blotch: Purple blotch is a common fungal disease characterized by purple or brown lesions on shallot leaves. Practice good sanitation by removing and destroying infected foliage. Avoid overhead watering and provide ample airflow to prevent prolonged leaf wetness. Fungicidal sprays containing copper or sulfur can be used to control and prevent the spread of purple blotch.

  3. Downy mildew: Downy mildew is a fungal infection that causes yellowing and wilting of shallot foliage. Fuzzy gray patches may develop on the undersides of leaves. To manage downy mildew, ensure good air circulation, avoid overhead watering, and remove and destroy infected plants. Fungicides containing copper or potassium bicarbonate can also be applied preventively to protect against downy mildew.

Regular monitoring of your shallots for pests and diseases is crucial. Early detection and prompt action will help prevent the spread of infestations and minimize potential damage to your plants.

Harvesting Shallots: When And How

After months of careful cultivation, it’s time to harvest your shallots. Knowing when and how to harvest will ensure that your shallots reach their full potential. Here’s what you need to know:


Shallots are typically ready to harvest when their tops begin to yellow and dry out. This usually occurs about 90-120 days after planting, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Keep a close eye on your shallots as they approach maturity, as leaving them in the ground too long can result in splitting or deterioration.

Harvesting Process

To harvest your shallots, follow these steps:

  1. Loosening the soil: Before pulling the shallots, gently loosen the soil around them using a garden fork or trowel. This will help ease the bulbs out of the ground without damage.

  2. Lifting and drying: Carefully lift the shallot bulbs out of the ground, trying to keep the foliage attached. Place the bulbs in a well-ventilated, dry area, such as a garden shed, where they can cure.

  3. Curing: Allow the shallots to cure for several weeks in a warm and dry location. This process helps them develop a protective skin and enhances flavor and storage qualities. Hang the shallots in bunches or spread them out in a single layer, keeping them well-ventilated and away from direct sunlight.

  4. Cleaning: Once the shallots have cured, remove any excess soil or debris from the bulbs. Trim the roots and foliage, leaving about an inch of stem attached for easier handling.

  5. Storage: Store your harvested shallots in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated place. A mesh bag or a wooden crate lined with paper is ideal for storing them. Properly cured shallots can last for several months.

By following these harvesting steps, your shallots will be ready to use in all your favorite recipes.

Planting shallots from bulbs is a rewarding and enjoyable gardening experience. By carefully preparing your garden, correctly planting your shallot bulbs, and providing proper care, you can enjoy a robust harvest of these flavorful bulbs. Remember to monitor for pests and diseases, maintain consistent watering, and harvest at the right time to maximize your success. With a little time and effort, you’ll soon be savoring the delicious taste of homegrown shallots in your culinary creations.

Tips For Proper Storage

Shallots are a popular culinary ingredient known for their distinct flavor and versatility in various dishes. These small onion-like bulbs add a delicate sweetness and depth to recipes, making them a favorite among chefs and home cooks alike. While you can purchase shallots from the grocery store, growing your own adds a rewarding touch to your culinary pursuits.

Before you begin the planting process, it’s essential to have high-quality shallot bulbs. Purchasing them in advance allows you to choose the best bulbs and gives you time to prepare for planting. Here are some crucial tips for proper storage:

  1. Choose firm, healthy bulbs: Select shallot bulbs that are plump, firm, and free from any signs of rot or damage. Avoid bulbs that are soft or have started to sprout.

  2. Keep them in a cool, dry place: Shallot bulbs should ideally be stored in a cool and well-ventilated area. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can encourage premature sprouting. A pantry or cellar with a temperature range of 50-60°F (10-15°C) is ideal for storing shallots.

  3. Store them in a mesh bag or container: Ensure proper airflow around the bulbs by storing them in a mesh bag or a well-ventilated container. This prevents moisture buildup and helps maintain their quality.

By following these storage tips, you can ensure that your shallot bulbs remain in optimal condition until you’re ready to plant them.

Using Shallots In Cooking

While this article primarily focuses on planting shallots, it’s worth mentioning their culinary value. Shallots bring a unique flavor to various dishes and can be used in both raw and cooked preparations. Here are some ideas on how to incorporate shallots into your cooking:

  1. Sautéing: Shallots are excellent when sautéed in butter or olive oil. They add a subtle sweetness and can enhance the flavor of soups, stir-fries, and sauces.

  2. Salads and dressings: Thinly sliced shallots can be added to salads to provide a mild onion-like crunch. They also work well in homemade dressings, lending a sweet and tangy flavor.

  3. Marinades and sauces: Finely minced shallots are a common ingredient in marinades and sauces. They add depth and complexity to dishes, especially when combined with herbs and spices.

  4. Garnishes: When sliced into thin rings and fried until crispy, shallots make a delightful garnish for various dishes, such as salads, soups, or gratins.

  5. Pickling: Pickling shallots is another way to enjoy their unique flavor and extend their shelf life. Pickled shallots are a lovely addition to sandwiches, cheese boards, or charcuterie platters.

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Remember, the flavor profile of shallots is milder and sweeter compared to regular onions. Their delicate taste enhances rather than dominates dishes, making them an excellent choice for adding subtle complexity to your favorite recipes.

Common Mistakes To Avoid

While planting shallots is a relatively straightforward process, there are a few common mistakes to avoid to ensure a successful harvest. Let’s take a look at these pitfalls and how to overcome them:

  1. Planting low-quality bulbs: Using poor-quality shallot bulbs will likely result in a disappointing harvest. Always select healthy, firm, and disease-free bulbs from a reputable source. Investing in good-quality bulbs ensures better yields and healthier plants.

  2. Planting too shallow or too deep: Shallots should be planted at the right depth to ensure proper root development and growth. Planting them too shallowly can lead to weak roots and poor anchorage, while planting them too deeply can hinder shoot emergence. The general rule of thumb is to plant shallot bulbs with their tips just below the soil surface, around 1-2 inches deep.

  3. Ignoring soil quality: Shallots thrive in well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Neglecting soil preparation and nourishment can hinder their growth. Prior to planting, ensure that the soil is loose, friable, and amended with compost or well-rotted organic matter. This creates a favorable environment for the shallots’ roots and promotes healthy growth.

  4. Overwatering or underwatering: Achieving the right balance of moisture is crucial for shallot plants. Overwatering can lead to rotting bulbs, while underwatering can cause stunted growth and reduced yields. Aim to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Regularly check the soil moisture levels and adjust watering accordingly.

  5. Neglecting weed control: Weeds compete with shallots for nutrients, sunlight, and water. Failure to control weeds can hinder the growth and development of your shallot plants. Regularly remove weeds by hand or use mulch to suppress their growth. Be careful not to disturb the shallow roots of the shallots while weeding.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you increase the chances of a bountiful harvest and healthy shallot plants.

Troubleshooting Common Problems With Shallots

Despite your best efforts, you may encounter some problems while growing shallots. Here are a few common issues and how to troubleshoot them:

  1. Yellowing leaves: Yellowing leaves can be a sign of nutrient deficiency or overwatering. Ensure that your shallot plants are receiving adequate nutrition from well-balanced soil or by applying a balanced fertilizer. Additionally, check the soil moisture levels and adjust watering to prevent the roots from staying excessively wet.

  2. Fungal diseases: Shallots can be susceptible to various fungal diseases, such as onion white rot or downy mildew. To prevent or manage these diseases, practice crop rotation, ensure proper plant spacing to promote airflow, and avoid excessive moisture on the leaves. Fungicidal treatments may also be necessary in severe cases.

  3. Bolting: Bolting is when shallot plants prematurely produce a flowering stalk instead of forming bulbs. Bolting is often triggered by extreme temperatures or inconsistent watering. To minimize the risk of bolting, choose shallot varieties known for their bolt resistance, maintain consistent soil moisture, and provide adequate shade during hot periods.

  4. Pest infestations: Shallots can attract pests such as onion flies or thrips. Regularly inspect your plants for signs of infestation, such as wilting, distorted leaves, or visible insects. Implement appropriate pest control measures, such as using organic insecticides, introducing beneficial insects, or employing physical barriers like netting.

  5. Harvesting at the wrong time: Harvesting shallots at the correct time is crucial for optimal flavor and storage life. Shallots are typically ready for harvest once the tops have yellowed and started to dry out. Gently lift the bulbs from the soil, ensuring they are mature and fully formed. Avoid harvesting prematurely, as this can result in smaller, underdeveloped bulbs.

By promptly addressing these common problems and taking appropriate measures, you can minimize the impact on your shallot crop and maximize the chances of a successful harvest.


Growing shallots from bulbs can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for any culinary enthusiast. By following proper storage techniques, choosing high-quality bulbs, and avoiding common mistakes, you can ensure healthy shallot plants and a bountiful harvest. Remember to take advantage of the unique flavor of shallots in your cooking, as they can elevate a wide range of dishes. Should you encounter any issues while growing shallots, be proactive in troubleshooting and addressing them promptly. With a little care and attention, you can successfully cultivate shallots and enjoy their delicious flavor in your favorite recipes.


What Is The Best Time Of Year To Plant Shallot Bulbs?

Shallot bulbs should be planted in early spring or fall, when the soil is cool and moist. It is important to avoid planting in the summer when the soil is too dry and hot.

How Do I Prepare The Soil For Planting Shallot Bulbs?

Shallots prefer well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0. Use a garden fork to loosen the soil and remove any weeds or debris. Compost or well-rotted manure can be added to improve the soil’s fertility.

How Deep Should I Plant Shallot Bulbs?

Shallots should be planted at a depth of 1-2 inches, with the pointed end facing upwards. This will provide enough space for the bulbs to develop and grow.

How Much Spacing Is Needed Between Shallot Bulbs?

Shallots should be planted 4-6 inches apart to allow for adequate air circulation and prevent overcrowding. Rows should be spaced 12-18 inches apart.

How Often Should Shallots Be Watered?

Shallots require consistent moisture, but be careful not to overwater as this can lead to rot. Water deeply once a week, or more frequently during hot and dry weather. The soil should be kept evenly moist, but not waterlogged.