How To Plant St Augustine Grass [ Full Guide ]

St. Augustine grass is a popular warm-season turfgrass known for its lush, green appearance and ability to thrive in warm, humid environments. When properly maintained, St. Augustine grass forms a dense carpet that is both attractive and resilient. Planting St. Augustine grass involves careful consideration of the right variety, optimal timing, and thorough soil preparation. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps and considerations for successfully planting St. Augustine grass, ensuring a beautiful and healthy lawn for years to come.

Quick Answer: How To Plant St. Augustine Grass

  1. Determine the Best Time for Planting: The ideal time to plant St. Augustine grass is during the late spring or early summer when the soil temperature is consistently above 64°F (18°C).

  2. Site Selection and Soil Preparation: Choose a location with well-draining soil and adequate sunlight. Prepare the soil by tilling it to loosen compacted areas and removing debris and weeds.

  3. Choosing the Right St. Augustine Grass Variety: Select a St. Augustine grass variety that suits your specific climate, soil type, and maintenance preferences.

  4. Planting St. Augustine Sod or Plugs: Either lay sod or plant plugs, ensuring proper spacing and depth for optimal establishment.

  5. Watering and Maintenance: Immediately water the newly planted grass and maintain a consistent watering schedule. Follow up with a fertilization plan to encourage root development and overall growth.

Determining The Best Time For Planting

Timing is crucial when it comes to planting St. Augustine grass. The ideal time for planting this warm-season grass is during late spring to early summer when the soil temperature consistently reaches and maintains a minimum of 64°F (18°C). Planting at this time allows the grass to establish and develop a strong root system before the onset of cooler weather.

The warm soil temperature ensures rapid germination and establishment, giving the grass a head start in growth. It’s important to avoid planting too early in the spring when the soil is still relatively cool, as this can hinder the germination and early growth of the grass. Similarly, planting too late in the summer may not provide enough time for the grass to establish before the arrival of cooler fall temperatures.

Before proceeding with planting, it’s advisable to use a soil thermometer to accurately gauge the soil temperature. This simple tool can help you determine the most opportune time to begin the planting process for St. Augustine grass.

Site Selection And Soil Preparation

Selecting the right site and adequately preparing the soil are critical steps in ensuring the successful establishment of St. Augustine grass. Here are the key considerations when selecting a site and preparing the soil:

Site Selection

  1. Sunlight Requirements: St. Augustine grass thrives in full sun to partial shade. Therefore, select a planting site that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Avoid areas with excessive shade, as the grass may struggle to thrive in such conditions.

  2. Soil Drainage: Opt for a location with well-draining soil to prevent waterlogged conditions that can lead to root rot and other detrimental issues. If the site has poor drainage, it’s advisable to amend the soil with organic matter to improve its drainage characteristics.

  3. Soil pH: St. Augustine grass prefers slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil with a pH range between 6.0 and 7.5.

  4. Avoiding Slopes: While St. Augustine grass can tolerate some slopes, it’s best to avoid excessively steep areas to prevent soil erosion and uneven water distribution.

Soil Preparation

  1. Soil Testing: Conduct a soil test to assess the nutrient levels and pH of the soil. This will guide the necessary soil amendments before planting to ensure an optimal growing environment for the grass.

  2. Weed and Debris Removal: Clear the planting site of any weeds, rocks, debris, and existing vegetation. This can be achieved by manually removing the debris and using a herbicide to control persistent weeds.

  3. Tilling: Use a garden tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches. This process helps break up compacted soil, improves aeration, and facilitates root penetration.

  4. Soil Amendments: Based on the results of the soil test, amend the soil with the appropriate nutrients and organic matter. This may include adding compost, well-decomposed manure, or specific fertilizers to provide the necessary nutrients for the grass.

  5. Leveling: After tilling and amending the soil, level the site using a garden rake to create a smooth, even surface for planting.

By carefully selecting an appropriate site and diligently preparing the soil, you create an optimal foundation for the successful establishment of St. Augustine grass, setting the stage for healthy and robust growth.

Choosing The Right St. Augustine Grass Variety

Selecting the most suitable St. Augustine grass variety for your specific climate, soil type, and maintenance preferences is essential for achieving a thriving and visually appealing lawn. Several common varieties of St. Augustine grass are available, each with its own unique characteristics and suitability for different environmental conditions. Here are some popular St. Augustine grass varieties:

  1. Floratam (Stenotaphrum secundatum ‘Floratam’): Known for its excellent heat and drought tolerance, Floratam is a widely used St. Augustine grass variety in Florida and other warm, coastal regions. It exhibits good disease resistance and forms a dense, attractive turf.

  2. Palmetto St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum ‘PAL-225’): This variety is prized for its shade tolerance, making it an excellent choice for lawns with areas of partial shade. Palmetto St. Augustine also displays good cold tolerance and requires relatively low maintenance.

  3. Raleigh St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum ‘Raleigh’): Raleigh is revered for its dense growth and vibrant green color. It performs well in full sun but also exhibits moderate shade tolerance. This variety is well-suited to the coastal regions of the southern United States.

  4. Seville St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum ‘Seville’): Seville is known for its fine texture and rich green color. It has good cold tolerance and makes for an attractive, low-maintenance lawn.

  5. Captiva St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum ‘Captiva’): Captiva boasts a dense growth habit and exceptional salt tolerance, making it an ideal choice for coastal areas and regions with saltwater intrusion.

When selecting a St. Augustine grass variety, consider factors such as the local climate, average temperature range, sunlight exposure, and maintenance requirements. Consulting with local nurseries or extension services can provide valuable insights into the most suitable St. Augustine grass varieties for your specific region.

Planting St. Augustine Sod Or Plugs

Once you have selected the appropriate variety and prepared the site, the next step is to decide whether to plant St. Augustine grass using sod or plugs. Both methods have their own set of advantages and considerations, and the choice depends on factors such as budget, time, and personal preference.

Planting St. Augustine Sod

1. Sod Availability and Preparation

  • Purchase high-quality St. Augustine sod from a reputable nursery or garden center. Ensure that the sod is fresh, healthy, and free from pests and diseases. Calculate the required amount of sod based on the square footage of the planting area.

  • Prior to installation, store the sod in a shaded area and keep it moist to prevent it from drying out.

2. Sod Installation Steps

  • Begin by laying the first row of sod along a straight edge, such as a sidewalk or driveway. Ensure the edges of the sod pieces fit tightly together without overlapping, to minimize gaps.

  • Stagger the subsequent rows, similar to laying bricks, to create a seamless and interlocking pattern. Use a sharp knife to trim the sod to fit around obstacles or irregular edges.

  • After laying the sod, use a lawn roller filled with water to firmly press it into the soil. This step promotes good soil-to-sod contact, aiding in root establishment.

Planting St. Augustine Plugs

1. Preparing the Plugs

  • Purchase healthy St. Augustine grass plugs from a reliable nursery. Check the plugs for any signs of disease or stress before planting.

  • Prior to planting, water the plugs to keep the root system moist and facilitate easier installation.

2. Plugging Procedure

  • Using a hand trowel or bulb planter, create holes in the prepared soil at the recommended spacing for the chosen St. Augustine grass variety. Typically, the recommended spacing is 6 to 12 inches apart, depending on the specific variety.

  • Place a plug in each hole, ensuring that the top of the plug sits level with the soil surface. Gently press the soil around the plugs to secure them in place.

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Regardless of whether you opt for sod or plugs, it’s essential to closely follow the recommended planting guidelines for your chosen St. Augustine grass variety to ensure proper spacing and coverage, leading to successful and uniform establishment.

Watering And Maintenance

Watering Newly Planted St. Augustine Grass

After installing St. Augustine sod or plugs, it’s crucial to initiate a proper watering routine to support the establishment of the grass. The initial watering process is crucial in ensuring that the newly planted grass receives adequate moisture to develop strong roots and acclimate to its new environment.

Initial Watering Guidelines

  • Immediately after laying sod or planting plugs, thoroughly water the entire area to a depth of 4 to 6 inches. This initial watering encourages the roots to establish deeper into the soil.

  • For the first two weeks following installation, water the grass daily to keep the soil consistently moist. This frequent watering schedule promotes rapid root establishment and minimizes stress on the newly planted grass.

  • Adjust the watering frequency based on the weather conditions, avoiding both overwatering and underwatering. The goal is to maintain soil moisture without creating waterlogged conditions.

Ongoing Maintenance Practices

  • Fertilization: Approximately six weeks after planting, initiate a fertilizer regimen to supply essential nutrients for the grass. Utilize a high-quality, balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for St. Augustine grass. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding application rates and timing.

  • Mowing: Once the newly planted St. Augustine grass reaches a height of 3 to 4 inches, perform the first mowing. Set the lawnmower to a suitable height based on the recommended mowing height for your specific St. Augustine grass variety.

  • Weed Control: Monitor the lawn for weeds and promptly address any invasive plants. Depending on the severity of weed infestation, employ targeted herbicides or manual removal to maintain a weed-free lawn.

  • Pest and Disease Management: Keep a lookout for common pests and diseases that may affect St. Augustine grass, such as chinch bugs, brown patch, and gray leaf spot. Implement appropriate control measures if signs of pests or diseases are observed.

  • Regular Watering: After the initial establishment phase, transition to a regular watering schedule based on the specific irrigation requirements of your St. Augustine grass variety. Adjust the watering frequency and duration to accommodate seasonal changes and weather conditions, ensuring that the grass receives sufficient moisture without promoting disease or waterlogging.

By following a consistent maintenance plan and providing the necessary care, you can foster the healthy growth and longevity of your St. Augustine grass, resulting in a vibrant and resilient lawn.

Planting St. Augustine grass requires careful consideration of factors such as timing, site selection, soil preparation, variety selection, and maintenance practices. By adhering to the guidelines outlined in this comprehensive guide, you can successfully establish a thriving St. Augustine grass lawn that exhibits lush, green growth and exceptional resilience. From determining the optimal planting time to selecting the right variety and implementing proper maintenance, each step contributes to the overall health and beauty of your St. Augustine grass lawn. With diligent attention to detail and a commitment to best practices, you can enjoy the many benefits of a lush and inviting St. Augustine grass lawn, creating a picturesque and inviting outdoor space for years to come.

Measuring And Ordering The Correct Amount Of Grass

St. Augustine grass is a popular warm-season grass known for its lush green appearance and ability to tolerate shade. It is commonly used in lawns and landscapes in the southern United States. If you are considering planting St. Augustine grass, it is important to follow the proper steps to ensure a successful establishment.

Before you begin the process of planting St. Augustine grass, it is essential to measure and calculate the amount of grass you will need. This will help you determine how much sod or sprigs to order. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to measure and order the correct amount of grass:

  1. Measure the area: Start by measuring the length and width of the area you plan to plant with St. Augustine grass. Multiply these measurements to determine the square footage. For irregularly shaped areas, divide your lawn into smaller sections, measure each section, and calculate the total square footage separately.

  2. Determine the grass type: St. Augustine grass is available in different varieties, such as Floratam, Palmetto, and Bitterblue. Each variety has its own characteristics and requirements. Research the varieties available in your region and choose the one that suits your needs.

  3. Consult a local supplier: Contact a local nursery or turf supplier to inquire about the availability of St. Augustine grass in your area. They can guide you on the best variety for your region and help you calculate the amount of grass you need based on your measurements.

  4. Calculate the amount of grass needed: Once you know the square footage of your planting area and the recommended grass density, you can calculate the quantity of St. Augustine grass you should order. The recommended density for St. Augustine grass is around 225 to 250 square feet per pallet (approximately 450 to 500 pieces of sod). Divide the total square footage of your lawn by the recommended density to calculate the number of pallets needed. Remember to account for any slopes, curved edges, or irregularities in your lawn when estimating the total square footage.

  5. Order the grass: Once you have calculated the amount of St. Augustine grass you need, place an order with your chosen supplier. It is advisable to order a little extra to account for cutting and fitting pieces together during installation.

By accurately measuring and ordering the correct amount of grass, you can avoid shortages or excessive waste during the planting process.

Preparing The Planting Area

Preparing the planting area properly is crucial for the successful establishment of St. Augustine grass. Follow these steps to prepare the area before installing the sod:

  1. Clear the area: Remove any existing vegetation, including weeds, rocks, or debris, from the planting area. Use a rake or shovel to loosen the topsoil and remove any large clumps or roots.

  2. Test the soil: St. Augustine grass thrives in well-draining soil with a pH level between 5.0 and 8.5. Test your soil’s pH level and nutrient content using a soil testing kit available at garden centers. If necessary, amend the soil to achieve the ideal pH level by adding lime for acidic soil or sulfur for alkaline soil. Incorporate organic matter, such as compost or peat moss, into the soil to improve its texture and fertility.

  3. Grade and level the ground: Ensure that the planting area has proper drainage by creating a slight slope away from buildings or other structures. Use a garden rake or grading tool to level the ground and remove any low spots. A level surface will help prevent water pooling and uneven growth of the grass.

  4. Soil preparation: St. Augustine grass requires a well-prepared soil bed for optimal establishment. Use a garden tiller or a hand cultivator to loosen the top few inches of soil. This will create a loose and friable surface, allowing the roots of the new grass to penetrate easily.

  5. Fertilize the soil: Before laying the sod, apply a balanced slow-release fertilizer to the prepared soil bed. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates. This will provide essential nutrients to the grass roots and promote healthy growth.

Taking the time to properly prepare the planting area will set the stage for successful St. Augustine grass growth and development.

Properly Installing St. Augustine Sod

Installing St. Augustine sod correctly is critical to ensure the grass takes root and establishes itself in the soil. Follow these steps to properly install the sod:

  1. Wet the soil: Before laying the sod, thoroughly water the prepared soil bed. Moist soil will help the sod root more quickly and prevent drying out during the installation process.

  2. Begin with a straight edge: Lay the first row of sod along a straight edge, such as a sidewalk or driveway. Ensure the sod pieces are closely aligned, with no gaps between them. This will provide a neat and seamless appearance to the grass once it establishes.

  3. Stagger the seams: When laying subsequent rows of sod, stagger the seams between the pieces, much like you would when laying bricks. This will minimize the visibility of seams and help the sod establish more evenly.

  4. Butt the edges tightly: Make sure to butt the edges of each sod piece tightly against the adjacent piece, without overlapping them. This will prevent the edges from drying out and promote better rooting.

  5. Cut and fit as necessary: Use a sharp knife or sod cutter to trim and fit the sod around obstacles like trees, flower beds, or pathways. Avoid leaving narrow strips of sod that may dry out quickly.

  6. Firmly roll the sod: After the sod is fully installed, gently roll over the entire area with a water-filled lawn roller. This will ensure good soil-to-sod contact and eliminate air pockets, which can impede root growth.

  7. Water immediately: Once the sod is installed, water it immediately. It is important to thoroughly soak the sod and the underlying soil to encourage the roots to establish quickly.

  8. Keep the sod moist: For the first couple of weeks, keep the sod moist by watering it regularly. The frequency of watering will depend on the weather conditions, but generally, watering twice a day for shorter durations is recommended. As the sod establishes, gradually reduce the frequency of watering.

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Properly installing St. Augustine sod will allow the plants to connect with the soil and initiate root growth, leading to a healthy and vibrant lawn.

Watering Techniques For Establishment

Watering is a crucial aspect of establishing St. Augustine grass. Follow these watering techniques to ensure successful establishment:

  1. Water immediately after installation: After installing the sod, water it immediately and thoroughly. This will provide the required moisture for the roots to establish. Ensure that the water penetrates through the sod and soaks the underlying soil to a depth of at least 4 to 6 inches.

  2. Frequent watering for the first two weeks: For the initial two weeks after installation, the sod should be watered frequently. The goal is to keep the sod and soil consistently moist, but not overly saturated. Water the sod twice a day for shorter durations, such as 10-15 minutes each session. This will encourage root development and prevent stress on the newly installed grass.

  3. Monitor soil moisture: Regularly monitor the soil moisture content during the establishment period. Use a soil moisture meter or manually check the soil by inserting a screwdriver into the ground. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water. If it feels wet, reduce the watering frequency to prevent overwatering, which can lead to disease or shallow root development.

  4. Adjust watering schedule: As the St. Augustine grass establishes and begins to root, gradually reduce the frequency of watering, but increase the duration. This will encourage deep root growth and train the grass to grow stronger. Watering once every two or three days for longer durations, such as 20-30 minutes each session, is generally sufficient once the grass starts to establish.

  5. Watering during drought or extreme heat: During periods of drought or extreme heat, it may be necessary to increase the frequency and duration of watering to prevent the grass from drying out. Pay attention to any signs of stress in the grass, such as wilting or browning, and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

  6. Use proper irrigation techniques: When watering, ensure that the water reaches the root zone and does not run off the lawn. Use sprinklers or irrigation systems with proper coverage to evenly distribute the water. Avoid watering late in the day, as this can promote fungal diseases. It is best to water early in the morning so that the grass has time to dry before evening.

Proper watering techniques during the establishment phase will help your St. Augustine grass develop deep and healthy roots, leading to a strong and resilient lawn.

Planting St. Augustine grass requires careful planning and execution to achieve successful establishment. By accurately measuring and ordering the correct amount of grass, preparing the planting area properly, installing the sod correctly, and employing appropriate watering techniques, you can ensure that your St. Augustine grass grows and thrives. Follow the steps outlined in this article to give your lawn the best chance for healthy and vibrant growth. With proper care and maintenance, your St. Augustine grass will provide you with a lush and beautiful landscape for years to come.

Fertilizing St. Augustine Grass For Growth

St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is a warm-season grass that is popularly used for lawns due to its lush, dense growth and tolerance to heat and humidity. It is widely grown in the southern United States, the Caribbean, and other tropical and subtropical regions. If you’re looking to plant St.

Fertilizing is a critical aspect of promoting healthy growth and vibrant color in St. Augustine grass. Before planting, it is advisable to test your soil to determine its nutrient composition and pH level. Typically, St. Augustine grass thrives in soil with a pH range between 5.0 and 8.5. If necessary, you can amend the soil to adjust its pH level accordingly.

The first step in fertilizing St. Augustine grass is to apply a pre-planting fertilizer. This fertilizer should be high in phosphorus, which promotes strong root development. A ratio of 1-2-2 or 1-3-4 is recommended, meaning the fertilizer should contain one part nitrogen, two parts phosphorus, and two or four parts potassium. Apply the pre-planting fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions, typically a rate of 2-3 pounds per 1,000 square feet.

Once the grass is planted, a regular fertilization schedule will be necessary to maintain its health and vitality. St. Augustine grass requires nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in varying ratios throughout the growing season. It is best to divide the recommended annual amount of fertilizer into several applications throughout the year.

During the first year of establishment, apply 2-4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, divided into three to five applications. The first application should occur about six to eight weeks after planting. Subsequent applications should be spaced six to eight weeks apart. Use a slow-release or controlled-release fertilizer to ensure a steady supply of nutrients over time.

In the following years, apply 1-2 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, divided into two to four applications. The exact schedule and rates may vary based on factors such as soil type and climate, so it is recommended to consult with a local extension office or lawn care professional for specific recommendations.

Remember to always follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions and avoid over-fertilization, as excessive nitrogen can lead to thatch buildup and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases. Water the grass thoroughly after each fertilizer application to prevent burn damage.

Mowing And Lawn Maintenance Practices

Proper mowing techniques and regular lawn maintenance are essential for the health and appearance of St. Augustine grass. Follow these guidelines to ensure optimal growth:

1. Mowing Height: Maintain a mowing height between 2.5 to 4 inches for St. Augustine grass. Avoid mowing too short, as this can stress the plants and increase the risk of weed invasion. Longer grass blades provide better shade to the soil, preventing weed germination and reducing water evaporation.

2. Frequency of Mowing: St. Augustine grass should be mowed regularly, with a frequency of once every 7-10 days during the active growing season. Adjust the mowing schedule based on the grass’s growth rate, as it may slow down or speed up depending on the climate and weather conditions.

3. Use Sharp Blades: Dull mower blades can tear the grass instead of creating clean cuts. This can lead to ragged edges and susceptibility to diseases. Regularly sharpen your mower blades to ensure a clean cut that promotes healthy growth.

4. Grass Clippings: Leaving short grass clippings on the lawn can provide nutrients to the soil, reduce the need for fertilization, and improve water retention. However, if the grass has been allowed to grow too long between mowings, it is advisable to collect and remove the clippings to prevent clumps and potential damage.

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5. Watering: St. Augustine grass requires a consistent supply of water to thrive. During the active growing season, provide approximately 1 inch of water per week through rainfall or irrigation. Water deeply and infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Avoid frequent light watering, as this can promote shallow root development and make the grass more susceptible to stress.

6. Weed Control: Weeds can outcompete St. Augustine grass for nutrients, space, and sunlight, impacting its health and appearance. To prevent weed invasion, maintain a dense turf by following proper mowing and fertilizing practices. If necessary, use herbicides that are specifically labeled for St. Augustine grass to control and manage weeds. Always read and follow the herbicide manufacturer’s instructions.

7. Aeration and Dethatching: Over time, St. Augustine grass can develop thatch, which is a layer of organic debris that accumulates between the soil and the grass blades. Excessive thatch can prevent water, air, and nutrients from reaching the roots, leading to poor growth. Aerate the lawn once a year to alleviate soil compaction and promote better root penetration. If thatch buildup becomes excessive (over 1/2 inch thick), dethatching may be necessary using a specialized dethatching rake or machine.

Dealing With Common Pests And Diseases

Like all plants, St. Augustine grass is susceptible to various pests and diseases. Identifying and addressing these issues in a timely manner is crucial to maintain the health and appearance of your lawn. Here are some common pests and diseases that affect St. Augustine grass:

1. Chinch Bugs: Chinch bugs are tiny insects that suck sap from grass blades, causing yellowing, wilting, and eventually death. To detect chinch bug infestation, examine the grass near the soil surface for small insects with white wings. Apply an insecticide specifically formulated to control chinch bugs according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Water the lawn before applying the insecticide to ensure proper absorption.

2. Grubs: Grubs are the larvae of beetles that feed on the roots of St. Augustine grass. Infested areas may appear yellowish or brown and can easily be lifted like a carpet due to root damage. To control grubs, apply a lawn insecticide labeled for grub control. Follow the instructions carefully, as timing and application rates can vary depending on the grub species and geographic location.

3. Brown Patch: Brown patch is a fungal disease that often occurs during periods of high humidity and warm temperatures. It appears as circular patches of brown or tan grass with a darker outer ring. To prevent brown patch, avoid excessive irrigation and water in the early mornings to allow the grass to dry before evening. Fungicides labeled for brown patch control can be applied preventatively or curatively following the manufacturer’s instructions.

4. Take-All Root Rot: Take-all root rot is a fungal disease that affects the roots of St. Augustine grass, causing decline and yellowing of the grass. Infected roots appear brown or black and may have a strong, unpleasant smell. Improve drainage in the affected area by aerating and watering appropriately. Fungicides containing azoxystrobin or propiconazole can be applied according to the manufacturer’s instructions to manage take-all root rot.

Tips For Successful St. Augustine Grass Establishment

Establishing St. Augustine grass requires careful planning and execution. Follow these tips to ensure successful establishment:

1. Soil Preparation: Before planting, prepare the soil by removing weeds, rocks, and other debris. Loosen the top 4-6 inches of soil using a rake or garden tiller to improve root penetration. Incorporate organic matter, such as compost or aged manure, into the soil to enhance nutrient availability and moisture retention.

2. Choosing the Right Time: St. Augustine grass should ideally be planted during the warmer months when the soil temperature is between 65-70°F (18-21°C). This usually falls in late spring to early summer. Avoid planting during periods of extreme heat or cold.

3. Sodding or Seeding: The most common method of establishing St. Augustine grass is through sodding, which involves laying down mature grass with well-developed roots. This ensures faster establishment and less weed competition. Alternatively, you can establish St. Augustine grass from sprigs or plugs, but this method requires more time and effort for the grass to fill in.

4. Watering: After planting, water the grass thoroughly to settle the soil and ensure good root-to-soil contact. Keep the soil consistently moist for the first four to six weeks, providing approximately 1 inch of water per week. Gradually reduce the frequency of watering as the grass establishes, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings to encourage deeper root growth.

5. Avoid Heavy Foot Traffic: During the establishment period, it is essential to minimize foot traffic on newly planted St. Augustine grass. Excessive pressure can uproot the grass or cause damage to the fragile root system. Restrict access to the newly planted areas until the grass is well-established.

6. Stay on Top of Weed Control: Weeds can quickly colonize bare areas and compete with St. Augustine grass for resources. Regularly inspect the lawn for weed growth and promptly remove or treat them using appropriate weed control methods. Applying a pre-emergent herbicide before weeds germinate can help prevent their establishment.


Planting St. Augustine grass can provide you with a beautiful and lush lawn that can withstand the challenges of warm climates and humid conditions. By following the guidelines for fertilization, mowing, pest and disease control, and establishment tips provided in this comprehensive guide, you can ensure the successful growth and maintenance of St. Augustine grass. Remember to consult with local experts or professionals for specific recommendations tailored to your region and soil conditions. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy a vibrant and healthy St. Augustine grass lawn for years to come.


What Type Of Soil Is Best For Planting St. Augustine Grass?

St. Augustine grass grows best in well-draining soils that are rich in nutrients. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils, but it thrives in soils with a pH level between 5.0 and 8.5.

When Is The Best Time To Plant St. Augustine Grass?

The optimal time to plant St. Augustine grass is during its peak growing season, which is late spring to early summer. This will give the grass enough time to establish a strong root system before the winter cold sets in.

How Should I Prepare The Area For Planting St. Augustine Grass?

The first step is to remove all existing vegetation from the area where you plan to plant the grass. This can be done by tilling, using a sod cutter, or manually removing the sod. Then, lightly till the soil and remove any rocks or debris. Finally, spread a layer of topsoil or compost over the area to provide a nutrient-rich base for the grass to grow in.

How Do I Properly Lay St. Augustine Grass Sod?

Start by ensuring that the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Lay the sod in a brick-like pattern, staggering the seams as you go. Use a lawn roller or tamp the sod down gently to ensure good soil contact. Finally, water the sod thoroughly and keep it consistently moist for the next 2-3 weeks to aid in root establishment.

How Often Should I Water St. Augustine Grass After Planting?

Newly planted St. Augustine grass requires frequent watering to promote root growth. Water the grass deeply at least 2-3 times per week for the first 2-3 weeks, then gradually reduce the watering frequency as the grass becomes established. Once established, water your St. Augustine grass deeply 1-2 times per week, depending on your climate and rainfall. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to disease and fungal growth.