How To Plant Clover [ Full Guide ]

Clover is a versatile and beneficial plant that is commonly used for erosion control, livestock forage, and as a cover crop. It is known for its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, making it an excellent choice for improving soil fertility. Planting clover is relatively easy, and it can thrive in various environments, making it a popular choice for gardeners, farmers, and landowners alike. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of planting clover, from selecting the right location to the best planting methods.

Quick Answer: How To Plant Clover

Before diving into the detailed steps, here is a quick overview of the process to plant clover:

  1. Selecting the Right Location: Choose a location that receives plenty of sunlight and has well-drained soil.

  2. Soil Preparation: Prepare the soil by removing debris, tilling, and ensuring the pH level is suitable for clover growth.

  3. Choosing Clover Seeds: Select the appropriate clover variety based on your specific needs and the local climate.

  4. Planting Method: Decide whether to plant clover seeds by broadcasting or drilling.

  5. Maintenance: Ensure proper watering and weed control as the clover grows and matures.

Now, let’s delve into each step in detail to help you successfully plant clover.

Selecting The Right Location

The first step in planting clover is choosing an appropriate location that provides the necessary conditions for its growth. Clover generally thrives in areas with plenty of sunlight and well-drained soil. Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a location for planting clover:


Clover plants require ample sunlight to thrive. When choosing a location, ensure that it receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Avoid areas that are heavily shaded or obstructed by tall trees or structures.

Soil Drainage

Good soil drainage is essential for the successful growth of clover. Well-drained soil prevents waterlogging, which can lead to root rot and other issues. Avoid areas with compacted or waterlogged soil, as these conditions can inhibit clover growth.

Land Use

Consider the intended use of the clover planting area. If you plan to use clover as a cover crop or forage for livestock, ensure that the location is easily accessible and can support the intended purpose.


Different clover varieties thrive in different climates. Consider the local climate and choose a clover variety that is well-suited to the temperature and precipitation patterns in your area. Some clover varieties are better adapted to cool, northern regions, while others are more suitable for warmer, southern climates.

Soil Preparation

Once you have selected a suitable location, the next step is to prepare the soil for planting. Proper soil preparation is crucial for providing clover seeds with the best possible environment for germination and growth. The following steps will guide you through the soil preparation process:

Remove Debris

Begin by clearing the planting area of any debris, such as rocks, branches, and other obstacles. Clearing the area ensures that the clover seeds have direct contact with the soil and reduces the risk of potential obstructions hindering their growth.

Soil Testing

Before planting clover, it’s advisable to conduct a soil test to assess the pH level and nutrient content of the soil. Most clover varieties prefer a slightly acidic to neutral pH level range of 6.0 to 7.0. If the soil pH is outside of the ideal range, you may need to amend it with lime or sulfur to adjust the pH level accordingly.


To promote good seed-to-soil contact and reduce competition from existing vegetation, consider tilling the soil. Loosening the soil through tilling also improves aeration and drainage, creating a favorable environment for the clover seeds to establish themselves.


Based on the results of the soil test, you may need to add fertilizer to the soil to ensure that it provides the necessary nutrients for clover growth. Choose a fertilizer that is suitable for legumes and follow the application instructions carefully.

Organic Matter

Incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil can improve its structure, water retention, and nutrient content. Mixing organic matter into the soil before planting clover can enhance its fertility and overall health.

Choosing Clover Seeds

Selecting the right clover seeds is crucial for a successful planting. There are various types of clover, each with its unique characteristics and benefits. Consider the following factors when choosing clover seeds:

Clover Varieties

There are several popular clover varieties to choose from, including red clover, white clover, alsike clover, and crimson clover, among others. Each variety has different growth habits, tolerance to environmental conditions, and uses. For example, red clover is often used as a cover crop, while white clover is well-suited for pasture and lawn applications.

Local Climate

Consider the climate of your region when selecting clover seeds. Some clover varieties are better adapted to cooler temperatures, while others thrive in warmer climates. Choose a variety that is well-suited to the temperature and precipitation patterns in your area to ensure optimal growth.

Seed Quality

Ensure that you purchase high-quality clover seeds from a reputable source. Look for seeds that have a high germination rate and are free from impurities or contaminants. High-quality seeds are essential for establishing a healthy and robust clover stand.

Seed Treatment

Some clover seeds may benefit from inoculation with rhizobium bacteria, which helps the plants fix atmospheric nitrogen. Check whether the clover seeds you have selected require inoculation and follow the appropriate procedures to ensure successful nitrogen fixation.

Planting Method

There are several methods for planting clover, including broadcasting, drilling, and overseeding. The best method for you will depend on the size of the planting area, the equipment you have available, and your specific goals for the clover stand. Here’s an overview of the most common planting methods:

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Broadcasting clover seeds involves evenly spreading them by hand or with a spreader across the prepared soil surface. After broadcasting, lightly rake the seeds into the soil to ensure good seed-to-soil contact. Broadcasting is suitable for smaller planting areas and is a simple and cost-effective way to sow clover seeds.


If you are planting clover on a larger scale, using a drill seeder or mechanical planter may be more efficient. Drilling clover seeds involves using specialized equipment to plant the seeds at the desired depth and spacing. This method ensures more precise seed placement and can be especially advantageous for large-scale plantings.


Overseeding involves sowing clover seeds into an existing grass or forage stand. This method can be used to introduce clover into pastures or lawns without fully reseeding the entire area. Proper soil preparation and overseeding techniques are essential to ensure successful establishment and integration of clover with the existing vegetation.

Seeding Rates

When planting clover seeds, it’s essential to follow the recommended seeding rates for the specific clover variety you have selected. Seeding rates can vary based on the intended use of the clover, the planting method, and the environmental conditions. Consult the seed packaging or reliable sources to determine the appropriate seeding rates for your planting project.

Planting clover can be a rewarding and beneficial endeavor, whether you are improving soil fertility, providing forage for livestock, or enhancing the ecological value of your property. By carefully selecting the right location, preparing the soil, choosing high-quality clover seeds, and using the appropriate planting method, you can establish a healthy and productive clover stand. Remember to provide proper maintenance, including watering and weed control, to support the growth and development of the clover plants. With the knowledge and guidance provided in this article, you are well-equipped to successfully plant clover and enjoy the numerous benefits it offers to your landscape or agricultural operation.

Watering Guidelines

Clover is a versatile and beneficial plant that can be grown in a variety of soil conditions and climates. It is often used as a cover crop, green manure, or pasture grass. Clover helps improve soil fertility by fixing nitrogen from the air and adding it to the soil. This makes it an excellent choice for gardeners and farmers looking for a natural and sustainable way to enrich their soil.

When it comes to watering clover, it is important to strike a balance. Like any plant, clover needs water to grow, but it also requires good drainage to prevent root rot. Here are some watering guidelines to keep in mind:

  1. Moisture requirements: Clover generally requires about 1 inch of water per week. However, this may vary depending on factors like climate, soil type, and stage of growth.
  2. Watering frequency: It is best to water clover deeply and infrequently rather than giving it frequent shallow waterings. This encourages deeper root growth and improves the plant’s ability to withstand drought conditions.
  3. Monitor soil moisture: Check the soil moisture level regularly by sticking your finger into the soil. If the top 1-2 inches feel dry, it’s time to water. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.
  4. Time of day: Water your clover in the early morning or late afternoon to minimize evaporation loss. Avoid watering in the evening, as this can promote the growth of fungal diseases.

Fertilization Tips

Clover is a nitrogen-fixing plant, which means it naturally converts atmospheric nitrogen into a form that can be utilized by plants. However, providing additional nutrients can help boost its growth and overall health. Here are some fertilization tips to consider when planting clover:

  1. Soil testing: Before planting clover, it is recommended to perform a soil test to check the nutrient levels. This will help you determine if any specific nutrients are lacking and need to be addressed through fertilization.
  2. Nitrogen requirements: Generally, clover does not require additional nitrogen fertilizers as it can fulfill its own needs through nitrogen fixation. However, if your soil test indicates a nitrogen deficiency, applying a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer can help jumpstart the growth.
  3. Phosphorus and potassium: Clover may benefit from phosphorus and potassium supplementation, especially if the soil test indicates deficiencies. Use a balanced fertilizer with these nutrients, following the recommended application rates on the packaging.
  4. Organic matter: Incorporating organic matter such as compost into the soil before planting clover can provide a slow-release supply of nutrients and improve overall soil health.

Pests And Diseases Management

Clover is generally a hardy plant that is resistant to many pests and diseases. However, there are a few issues that you may encounter. Here are some tips for managing pests and diseases when growing clover:

  1. Weed control: Before planting clover, ensure the area is free from weeds. Weeds can compete with clover for nutrients, sunlight, and water. Use organic weed control methods such as hand-pulling or mulching to keep weeds at bay.
  2. Aphids: Aphids are small sap-sucking insects that can infest clover plants. They can be controlled by spraying a mixture of water and mild dish soap on the affected plants. Ladybugs are natural predators of aphids and can also help reduce their population.
  3. Clover mites: Clover mites are tiny red pests that feed on clover leaves and can cause damage. They can be controlled by spraying a mixture of water and insecticidal soap or by using neem oil.
  4. Fungal diseases: Clover can be susceptible to fungal diseases, such as powdery mildew and leaf spot. To prevent these diseases, ensure proper air circulation by spacing plants adequately, avoiding overhead watering, and applying fungicides if necessary.

Maintenance And Care

To ensure the health and vigor of your clover plants, regular maintenance and care are essential. Here are some tips to keep your clover thriving:

  1. Mowing: Depending on the type of clover you are growing, it may benefit from occasional mowing. Mowing helps to control weed competition and promotes denser growth. However, be careful not to mow too low, as this can stress the plants.
  2. Regular monitoring: Keep an eye on your clover plants for any signs of pests, diseases, or nutrient deficiencies. Early detection allows for prompt action, minimizing any potential damage.
  3. Cutting back: If your clover plants become too leggy or begin to flower excessively, consider cutting them back. Cutting back promotes branching and encourages more compact growth.
  4. Crop rotation: In agricultural settings, it is important to practice crop rotation to prevent the buildup of pests and diseases. Avoid planting clover in the same area for consecutive years to maintain soil health.

Planting clover can provide numerous benefits to your garden or farm. Its nitrogen-fixing properties help improve soil fertility, making it an excellent choice for sustainable gardening practices. By following the watering guidelines, fertilization tips, and pest and diseases management strategies outlined in this article, you can ensure the successful establishment and growth of your clover plants. Remember to provide adequate moisture, perform soil testing to address any nutrient deficiencies, and monitor pests and diseases. With proper maintenance and care, your clover plants will thrive and contribute to the overall health of your garden or farm.

Companion Planting With Clover

Clover is a versatile and beneficial plant that can be grown in gardens, lawns, and even agricultural fields. It is known for its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, making it an excellent companion plant for many other crops. Additionally, clover attracts pollinators and adds a vibrant touch of green to any space.

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One of the primary reasons people choose to plant clover is because of its ability to enhance the growth of other plants through nitrogen fixation. Clover has a unique relationship with bacteria called Rhizobia, which attaches itself to the root system and converts nitrogen from the air into a form that plants can use. This allows neighboring plants to access this valuable nutrient, which is often lacking in many soils.

When deciding which plants to grow alongside clover, it is essential to consider their compatibility. Clover thrives in areas with moderate sunlight, so it pairs well with shade-tolerant plants such as lettuce, spinach, and leafy greens. In contrast, crops like tomatoes, peppers, and corn require more sun and may not benefit as much from clover’s presence. Additionally, legumes like beans and peas can greatly benefit from the added nitrogen provided by clover.

To plant clover as a companion crop, follow these steps:

  1. Prepare the soil: Start by removing any weeds or grass and loosening the soil with a garden fork or tiller. This will create a loose and well-drained bed for the clover.

  2. Select the right clover variety: There are several types of clover available, including red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white clover (Trifolium repens). Red clover is taller and more suitable for cutting as a green manure, while white clover is typically chosen for use in lawns. Choose a variety that suits your needs best.

  3. Sow the seeds: Spread the clover seeds evenly over the prepared soil. You can either broadcast the seeds by hand or use a spreader for more precise distribution. Aim for a seeding rate of around 8 to 10 pounds per acre, or follow the instructions provided by the seed packet.

  4. Lightly cover the seeds: Clover seeds are relatively small, so they should only be covered with a thin layer of soil to protect them from birds and provide some moisture retention. Use a rake or the backside of a garden tool to gently press the seeds into the soil.

  5. Water the area: After planting, give the newly sown area a thorough watering. Keep the soil moist during germination, which usually takes 7 to 10 days. Water consistently, but avoid overwatering, as this can lead to fungal diseases.

  6. Maintain the clover: Once the clover begins to establish itself, it requires little maintenance. However, you should monitor its growth and weed out any invasive plants that may compete with the clover for nutrients. Regular mowing or cutting can also help keep the clover at an optimal height for companion planting.

Harvesting And Using Clover

Clover can be harvested and used in various ways, depending on your intended purpose. Here are a few common ways to utilize clover:

  1. Green manure: Clover is often grown as a cover crop to improve soil fertility. Before the plants reach full maturity, they can be cut and turned into the soil, adding organic matter and releasing nitrogen. This practice enhances soil structure, increases water retention, and reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers.

  2. Livestock forage: Clover is highly nutritious and a great source of food for livestock. It can be grazed by animals or cut for hay. The high protein content in clover contributes to the health and productivity of animals, making it an excellent addition to pastures.

  3. Honey production: Clover is a valuable nectar source for honeybees, making it a popular choice for beekeepers. The blossoms produce a mild, delicate honey that is sought after by many. If you are interested in beekeeping, planting clover can provide a consistent and reliable source of nectar for your bees.

  4. Lawn enrichment: White clover is often used as part of a lawn mixture or as an alternative to traditional grass lawns. It is low-growing, tolerates foot traffic well, and is drought-tolerant. Clover also requires less mowing and fertilizing than grass, making it an eco-friendly option for those looking to reduce their lawn maintenance.

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Benefits Of Growing Clover

There are numerous benefits associated with growing clover. Here are some of the key advantages:

  1. Nitrogen fixation: As previously mentioned, clover has the unique ability to fix nitrogen from the air and convert it into a usable form for other plants. This reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers, thus benefiting both the environment and your wallet.

  2. Soil improvement: Clover’s extensive root system helps improve soil structure, aeration, and water drainage. The organic matter produced by clover residues enhances the soil’s ability to retain moisture and nutrients, promoting healthier plant growth.

  3. Weed suppression: Clover acts as a living mulch, crowding out weeds and preventing their growth. By covering the soil surface, clover forms a natural barrier against unwanted plants, reducing the need for herbicides.

  4. Pollinator attraction: The colorful blossoms of clover attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. By planting clover, you contribute to the well-being of these important creatures and support overall ecosystem health.

  5. Erosion control: The dense root system of clover helps prevent soil erosion, especially on sloping landscapes. It stabilizes the soil, reducing runoff and protecting against the loss of valuable topsoil.

  6. Sustainable agriculture: Incorporating clover into crop rotation systems can significantly benefit agricultural practices. It restores soil fertility, reduces pests, and provides a source of forage for livestock.

Common Mistakes To Avoid

While clover is generally easy to grow and care for, there are a few common mistakes that can hinder its success. Here are some pitfalls to avoid:

  1. Planting in unsuitable conditions: Clover prefers fertile, well-drained soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. It can tolerate some shade, but too much shade may inhibit its growth. Make sure to select a suitable area for planting and avoid waterlogged or compacted soils.

  2. Insufficient seed depth: Clover seeds should only be lightly covered, as they require exposure to light for germination. Planting seeds too deeply can result in poor establishment or even failure to germinate altogether.

  3. Overwatering: While clover requires consistent moisture, overwatering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases. Ensure that the soil is adequately drained and avoid excessive watering, especially during periods of heavy rainfall.

  4. Failure to control weeds: It is crucial to keep the area around clover free of weeds to prevent competition for nutrients and resources. Regular weeding or mowing is essential to maintain the health and vigor of the clover.

  5. Improper timing of mowing or cutting: Mowing or cutting clover at the wrong time can inhibit its growth and reduce its ability to fix nitrogen. Avoid cutting clover too short and allow it to reach a height of at least 6 inches before mowing or cutting.

  6. Not rotating crops: Continuous planting of clover in the same area without rotation can lead to a buildup of pests or diseases. It is advisable to rotate the clover with other crops or consider incorporating it into a diversified crop rotation system.


Planting clover provides numerous benefits, including enhanced soil fertility, nitrogen fixation, weed suppression, and attracting pollinators. Whether you choose to grow clover as a companion crop for your vegetables, as a cover crop to enrich the soil, or simply to add beauty to your landscape, its versatility makes it a valuable addition to any garden or agricultural field. By following the proper planting techniques, avoiding common pitfalls, and utilizing the different harvesting methods, you will be able to enjoy the many benefits that growing clover has to offer.


What Is The Best Time To Plant Clover?

The ideal time to plant clover is in the late summer or early fall. This allows the clover to establish itself before winter and begin to grow in the spring. Planting in the spring is also an option, but the clover may struggle to establish itself in the hot summer months.

How Do I Prepare The Soil For Planting Clover?

Before planting clover, it is important to prepare the soil by removing any weeds or debris and loosening the soil with a rake or tiller. Clover prefers a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0, so it may be beneficial to test the soil and add lime or sulfur if needed. Nitrogen is also important for clover growth, so adding a nitrogen-rich fertilizer can help promote healthy growth.

How Deep Should I Plant Clover Seeds?

The depth at which you should plant clover seeds can vary based on the variety and the soil type. In general, clover seeds should be planted at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch. Be sure to plant the seeds evenly and cover them with soil, then water gently to ensure good soil-to-seed contact.

How Often Should I Water My Newly Planted Clover Seeds?

Newly planted clover seeds should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist. The amount of water needed will vary based on the weather and soil moisture levels, but in general, clover needs about 1 inch of water per week. Be sure to water gently so the seeds are not washed away or shifted around.

How Long Does It Take For Clover To Grow And Bloom?

Clover typically takes 6 to 12 weeks to germinate and begin growing, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Once established, clover will continue to grow and expand over time. Blooming time will depend on the variety, but most clover varieties will bloom in early to mid-summer.